Sweet Almond Oil

Sweet-almond-oil-bannerHere’s that jaw-dropping news for all those Almond lovers out there! Almond has been witnessed by various studies for its enormous healing benefits of being a heart-healthy nut, cancer-preventive or antioxidant snack, scrumptious weight-loss bite, and a mighty little powerhouse of proteins, vitamins and minerals.

What more favorable reasons do you need to escape from eating your favorite Almonds or to drench in an enlivening Almond oil massage, the next time? In a much simpler verse, Almond is a one-stop nut for acquiring mammoth remedial attributes.

Badam is the beloved name for Almond in Ayurveda and is lovingly beckoned as the ‘Miracle Nut and the King of Nuts’ in Ayurvedic healing for its sattvic (“pure, essential, natural, vital, energy-containing, clean, conscious, true, honest, wise.”) values.

Almond and its nourishing oil has been prescribed in Ayurvedic medication for treating loss of memory, frigidity, premature ejaculation, mood fluctuations, Alzheimer’s disease, psoriasis, dark complexion, debility, muscular pain and dry skin conditions.

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Chemical constituents and therapeutic properties of Sweet Almond Oil:

The major chemical components of Sweet Almond oil are 62 per cent of monounsaturated oleic acid; it’s an omega-9 fatty acid, 29 per cent of linoleic acid; it’s a polyunsaturated omega-6 essential fatty acid and 9 per cent of saturated fatty acid.

It also constitutes of phytosterols like beta-sitosterol, campesterol, campestanol, stigmasterol and sitostanol (All these components share a unique attribute of reducing cholesterol.).

Almonds are also rich in calcium, zinc, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, vitamin E (skin and hair beneficial vitamin), B vitamins including niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, folate, vitamin B6 and choline.

The most promising remedial properties of Sweet Almond oil are emollient, aphrodisiac, antioxidant, rejuvenative, antispasmodic, demulcent, laxative, tonic for the bones, brain, blood, skin and muscles, sedative and nutritive.

Historical significance and uses of Sweet Almond Oil:

Almond is indigenous to the Mediterranean province of the Middle East, North Africa and West Asia and is a wing of the plum family, Rosaceae. Scientifically called as Prunus amygdalus, Almond is also known with other botanical names including Amygdalus communis, Prunus dulcis and Amygdalus dulcis.

Hopf and Zohary trust that Almonds were one of the earliest cultivated fruit trees owing to “the ability of the grower to raise attractive almonds from seed. Thus, in spite of the fact that this plant does not lend itself to propagation from suckers or from cuttings, it could have been domesticated even before the introduction of grafting”.

Certain other sources state that Almonds were found in the Early Bronze Age (3000 to 2000 BC), like the archaeological sites of Jordan or Numeria.

The name Almond is extracted from the French word alemande or almande and also from the Greek word amydala, meaning an almond. The most interesting fact is that the ‘part of the brain – amygdala’ is also extracted from the same word.

Amygdala’ is a part of the limbic system of the brain including humans and numerous studies witness the key role of amygdala in the function of decision-making, memory and emotions. Anomalous working of amygdala paves way to depression, phobias, anxiety, post-traumatic disorders, autism and neurotransmitter imbalances.

The awesome news is that the Almond nuts and Almond oil assist in enhancing the functions of the almond-shaped amydala of the brain, supporting in overcoming depression, phobias, anxiety and in strengthening the emotional and psychosomatic functions.

It is mainly for this reason, Almond is called as the ‘King of Nuts’ and was among the royal food given to the Kings and other dignitaries in Supreme power to augment their decision-making potential.

The innermost seed of the Almond fruit is the delicious and yummy almond nuts that we taste. Numerous medieval and primordial books on medicine talk about the significance of Almonds and its oil in treating various health conditions and enhancing the body’s natural immunity.

Many herbalists of various ages have talked about the use of Almond oil. Dioscorides, the celebrated author of Materia Medica enlists natural ointment recipes with the use of almond oil.

John Gerard recommends the topical application of almond oil in the treatment of colic and body pain. Nicholas Culpeper prescribes almond oil as an excellent natural aid for alleviating stress and enhancing cognitive functions, when massaged on the temples and forehead.

Being a nutritionally intense food variety with enormous nutrients, almonds are used in various culinary items across the globe. The most popular among them are almond milk, almond syrup, almond flour, almond-rich Mughlai curries, almond macaroons, soumada, amygdalota, Amlou (popular spread with a blend of almond nut paste, honey and Argan oil), sherbet-e-badaam and much more.

Almond oil is a trusted secret ingredient of numerous celebrated massage therapists across the globe as an excellent emollient for lubricating the skin and enhancing the natural skin texture.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Sweet Almond Oil:

With its oily, heavy and mild hot potency, Badam or Almond oil is known for pacifying vata and pitta doshas and for aggravating kapha dosha.

Ayurveda states that Almond and its oil have the potent to moisturize and nourish the skin along with the micro-circulatory channels. Almond is among the few Ayurvedic remedies for augmenting the functions of all the seven dhatus (tissues).

It enhances the functions of the reproductive tissues known as Shukra dhatu, thus assisting in the treatment of impotence, premature ejaculation, loss of libido and frigidity. Almond is an Ojas nut for its potent to increase the vitality of the system in a comprehensive manner.

Ayurvedic texts denote that Almonds are effective in fostering the functions of the muscles, bones, plasma and the reproductive system.

Beckoned as a tonic for the brain, blood, skin, bone, muscle and the body, Almonds have been used in Ayurvedic medications for augmenting virility, building muscular power, increasing immunity, building semen and for enhancing cognitive functions.

Being a divine healing science, Ayurveda considers human body as a temple and the Supreme Power dwelling in it is the soul. It further explains that the eventual accomplishment of the purpose of everyone’s life solely relies on the strength and clearness of the soul.

Ayurveda is a holistic healing system that says that complete health is a combination of the wellness of the mind, body and soul.

Thus Ayurvedic philosophy describes remedies, healthy routine practices and disciplinary values for retaining the body, mind and the spirit in absolute pureness for attaining healthy aging and longevity.

Your first Ayurvedic consultation aims at identifying your doshas or the dynamic biological energies, namely vata (air + space), pitta (fire + water) and kapha (earth + water). All these three doshas are a combination of the five fundamental elements of nature (water, earth, fire, air and ether), with which the entire universe is made up of.

The presence of these five elements in our human body is as follows: earth signifies muscles, cartilages and bones; water represents blood and other fluid substances in the system; air helps in respiration; fire is the heat energy inspiring numerous functions of the body (digestion, body temperature etc), and ether or space is the portrayal of the soul.

Every person has a predominance of any one dosha, which establishes the physique, character, attributes and behavioral patterns.

Absolute balance between doshas as per the law of nature is a symbol of strength and doshic imbalances due to changes in weather conditions, food habits, irregular lifestyle practices and morally wrong habits might lead to sickness.

Ayurveda respects and appreciates individual differences. With this noble thought, every person is treated in a unique manner in Ayurveda as per their Prakriti (unique individual constitution or doshas) and Vikruti (current health condition).

Herbal medications, Ayurvedic essential oils, yogic practices, prayers, simple physical exercises, meditation, Panchakarma (detoxification techniques in Ayurveda), Pranayama (the art of balanced breathing), Abhyanga or Ayurvedic massaging technique, and Dinacharya or Ayurvedic routine are the prime Ayurvedic remedies.

The key Ayurvedic health benefits of Sweet Almond oil are:

Sweet-almondLet’s have a deeper look at the enormous benefits of Sweet Almond Oil:

1. B3 Formula – Trusted tonic to the brain, bones and blood:

Almond and its oil are the most popular and one among the primordial brain tonics known to mankind.

Soaked and peeled almonds given to children on a regular basis have been proven to enhance brain functions, memory power and cognitive performance.

Harvard Health Publications by the Harvard Medical School in an article ‘Boost your memory by eating right’ quotes that saturated fat and trans fat in our diet increase blood levels of harmful low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and harms arteries.

Dr. Francine Grodstein, Associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and associate epidemiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital says, “LDL cholesterol builds up in, and damages, arteries. We know that’s bad for your heart. There is now a lot of evidence that it’s also bad for your brain.”

Food items that are rich in cholesterol and fat may augment the development of beta-amyloid plaques in the brain. Such sticky protein clusters (b-amyloid plaques) are held responsible for most of the damage that happens in the brains of people affected with Alzheimer’s disease and memory loss problems.

Diet rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids are the valiant heroes to protect the brain from memory loss problems.

Almond is rich in both mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids and is a reliable natural aid that has been associated with lessening the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment, dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease and Cerebrasthenia or short term memory loss.

Almonds contain l-carnitine, riboflavin and phenylalanine, the cognitive abilities and mood enhancing chemicals. As a quickly absorbent oil, phenylalanine supports in the secretion of hormones, including dopamine and adrenaline.

These hormones have been proved to augment brain functions, create new neural passageways and calm the system. Thus, assisting in the improvement of mental alertness, positive reflexes, enhanced memory, cerebral functions and the power of optimistic thinking.

Almond and its oil also have vitamins and minerals like calcium and phosphorus that have a positive effect on the potency and resilience of bones and teeth. Thus, it can support in strengthening bones and teeth and in preventing gingivitis, osteoporosis etc.,

Rich in iron and zinc, Almonds have been recommended for increasing the count of RBC or red blood corpuscles. This helps in treating anemia, weak immunity and irregular blood circulation.

Almond oil is a light, non-sticky and easily absorbing oil that penetrates deeply into the skin and reaches the blood stream. Thus, it passes on its therapeutic properties to the entire system and works on the corresponding parts of the body, requiring the essential nutrients to function effectively.

Blend 3 ounce of Almond oil with 5 drops of Brahmi oil and 5 drops of Rosemary oil for a complete and tranquilizing massage of your system, twice in a week or once in two days.

This might support in strengthening your bones and teeth, increasing your cerebral activities and cognitive performance, improving memory functions and in treating anemia.

You can also add 2 drops of Almond oil with 1drop of Rosemary oil in your daily shampoo for boosting your memory and instilling positive feelings.

Meditation or prayer for about 10 to 15 minutes every day, especially in the early hours of the day can assist in deepening your thoughts, improving your cognitive response, intensifying your connection with the Divine Force and supporting in the secretion of positive hormones and supportive chemicals in the brain.

2. R-Power – Tones up the reproductive system:

Baby is a boon indeed and a healthy reproductive system supports the growth of a healthy fetus.

Almond and its oil can be beckoned as the ‘R-Power’ means the ‘Real-power or the Reproductive-power’.

Almond and its oil are held high in Ayurveda for its enormous power in invigorating the functions of Shukra dhatu or the reproductive tissues in both men and women.

Almond is a traditional remedy for thickening the semen, treat premature ejaculation, loss of sexual interest and for increasing the sperm count and vitality in men. Similarly Almonds are also recommended for treating menstrual difficulties, frigidity and for regularizing the secretion of hormones.

Munching on soaked almonds during pregnancy is a great way to nourish the senses and the brain development of the growing fetus. It strengthens the uterus and stimulates the functions of the female reproductive system.

Almonds are a rich source of natural folic acid and are recommended by medical practitioners for pregnant women, especially to prevent the occurrence of birth deficiencies in newborn babies, enhance brain development of the growing fetus, support healthy cellular structure and tissue development and to thwart neural tube conditions.

Almond milk also known popularly as Badam milk in India is an ancient remedy for boosting sexual energy and libido in men.

With the presence of nutrients including selenium (treats infertility), vitamin E (nurtures heart health and immunity), omega – 3 fatty acids (lubricates the system and supports proper circulation), zinc, L-arginine (increases libido and sperm count) and other minerals, Almond aids in fortifying sexual wellness and reinforce the reproductive mechanism.

Almonds along with certain other nuts and pulses contain phytosterols, the nutritious plant chemicals that are proven to encourage the production of testosterone and the presence of magnesium stabilizes prolactin hormone that deteriorates testosterone.

Soaking 4 almonds overnight and eating it as the first thing in the morning grants one enormous energy and stamina to revolve around throughout the day. Enjoy the nutritious Badam milk by blending the ground mixture of 4 almonds, 2 cashew nuts, 1 pinch of saffron, half a pinch of cardamom powder and required sugar to taste.

Take this nourishing drink half an hour before going to bed. It might help in increasing testosterone production, sperm count and libido both in men and women.

Massaging your lower abdomen, thighs, genital parts and back with 1 ounce of Almond oil blended with 2 drops of Ashwagandha oil and 1 drop of Ylang Ylang oil and taking a warm bath before going to bed can also help in elevating your mood, treating premature ejaculation, impotence, frigidity and lack of sexual interest.

Eat wholesome diet with protein, vitamins, minerals and fiber for a healthy mind, healthy body and enormous energy.

3. S & H Stimulant – Nourishes the skin and hair:

Apart from being an extraordinary skin nourishing oil, Almond oil protects the skin from the harmful ultra violet rays. Being a rich source of vitamin E, the friendly vitamin for the skin and hair, Almond oil is an effective antioxidant that encourages the production of red blood cells.

A 2007 study on the effects of Almond oil on skin’s exposure to UV radiation published in the ‘Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology’ draws a conclusion that dermatological use of Almond oil has the potent to lower the aging process and thwart structural mayhems produced by Ultra Violet radiation.

Free radicals arrest the growth of healthy skin cells and damage the existing active cells. This in turn paves way for symptoms of aging like wrinkles and fine lines along with the risk of chronic health conditions including heart problems and malignant tumors.

With its natural moisturizing and emollient properties, Almond oil strengthens the collagen (structural protein for supple and youthful skin) and is a trusted natural medication for treating dry, rough and mature skin conditions.

Vata imbalance ends up in dry and lifeless skin and Almond is one among the best oils for lubricating the skin naturally with its intense penetrating and nourishing properties that enrich the skin cells from within.

Maharishi Ayurveda quotes Almond oil as the best natural massage oil for people with Vata vitiations. Few other special reasons for using Almond oil for your skin is that it never block pores and assist in discovering supple, clear and attractive skin in the pink.

Pure and organic Almond oils are absolutely safe for use on babies as well, mainly because of the fact that its hypoallergenic oil that is gentle and completely safe on the skin and scalp. It is an excellent make-up remover with its natural cleansing and harmless effects.

With its deeper penetration and innate cleansing values, Almond oil is highly recommended for getting rid of tans, marks, acne flare-ups, stretch marks, chapped lip conditions, dirt and excess oil secretion in the skin surface, dark circles, rashes and other skin conditions. Almond oil acts as a tonic to the skin with high content of vitamin A, vitamin E and other skin nourishing nutrients.

Mix 5 drops of Almond oil with 1 drop of Jojoba oil and 2 drops of Honey and massage it on damaged skin in slow circular movements. Leave it for 10 minutes and clean it with a mild natural skin cleanser for soft, supple and blemish-free glowing skin.

You can also dab this mixture on rashes and other skin conditions for supporting quicker healing and deep cleansing.

Almonds for your hair: Hair is among the vital possessions for natural beauty for both men and women. Men consider healthy hair as an emblem of manliness and women boast it as an icon of their style statement and femininity.

Loss of hair, dandruff and other scalp conditions are more than enough to draw dullness on anyone’s life. Though environmental conditions, lack of nutrition and stressful lifestyle contribute to hair problems, clinging on to natural alternatives like Almond oil might undoubtedly save your head.

Massaging your hair and scalp with 1 ounce of Almond oil blended with 5 drops of Rosemary oil, 2 drops of Wheat germ oil and 2 drops of Curry leaves oil every week can help in strengthening your hair follicles, repairing the scalp conditions, moisturizing your hair and scalp, lessening dandruff and supplying the required nutrients to your lustrous locks.

4. MP or JA Reliever – Alleviates muscular pain and joint aches:

Almond is one among those highly nutritious nuts in strengthening muscles, relaxing tensed muscular system, enhances the electrical impulses of your neurons, augments energy, fortifies the immune system and reinforces durability and potency of bones and teeth.

Ah! It hurts! Yes, joint aches, muscular twinge, irritation, swelling and all other conditions are extremely challenging as it makes one to crawl on their knees in annoying pain.

Thousands of reasons can be listed behind such exaggerating conditions. They might be arthritis, rheumatism, muscular tension, strenuous labor, prolonged sitting in the same place during work, rheumatoid arthritis and much more.

Muscular pain, joint ache and rheumatic conditions are often caused by vata vitiation. Backbreaking work or physical exertion ends up in improper blood circulation, muscular pain and stiffness.

Almond oil is also effective in the treatment of vascular conditions like varicose veins, hemorrhoids and spider veins.

With its tendency to pacify excess vata conditions, Almond oil can reduce pain, relieve muscular tension, enhance blood circulation, lessen swelling and soreness.

Heat 1 ounce of Almond oil with 2 drops of Garlic oil and gently massage the painful parts with this warm blend. Rest a hot water bag over it and leave it for about 10 minutes for better results.

Other health benefits:

Apart from the above health uses, Sweet Almond and its oil are also effective as a TB therapy with its ability to support the treatment of tuberculosis and other respiratory conditions, with its antispasmodic and tonic properties. It is also an excellent stimulant to the blood and aids in treating anemia.

The high monounsaturated fat content along with other fatty acids in Almonds and other nuts act as a cardio protective agent that is also related to favorable plasma lipid profiles and lessened cardiovascular risks.

Almond is also a delicious stress-relieving snack that soothes your nerves and grants absolute solace to your mind. It is also known for strengthening the gums and protecting the teeth from the effects of dental cavities.

Disclaimer:

This post is ordained only for informational purposes and is not meant to treat, substitute or prevent any sickness or replace prescribed medications or the advice of your medical professional. We, at Essential Depot are not healthcare professionals and this information is shared with the trance of spreading the ancient healing wisdom of Ayurveda, the pioneer of all healing sciences in the universe.

Organic and pure essential oils are always recommended only for topical application and should not be ingested. This is due to the fact that 100 per cent pure and organic oils are highly concentrated substances and might cause allergic reactions, if used on the skin directly.

Consult your Ayurvedic expert or healthcare professional prior to choosing the apt oils for your unique individual constitution or Prakriti and health condition or Vikruti. Care should be taken if you are using essential oils on pregnant women, elderly people, children and nursing mothers.

Thought for the day:

I said to the almond tree, ‘Friend, speak to me of God,’ and the almond tree blossomed.

-Nikos Kazantzakis

Suggested Reading:

  1. Almond Oil for Health and Beauty: Discover the Various Health, Beauty and Culinary Secrets of This Vitamin Rich Oil by Angelina Jacobs
  2. Almond Oil Miracle: Almond Oil Miracles and Almond Oil Quick, Delicious in one Incredible Box Set by Thomas Longe
  3. Almond Oil Beauty Secrets: 50 Incredible Almond Oil Recipes for Flawless Skin and Killer Hair! (The DIY Naturalist Book 1) by Rosemary Fryberger
  4. Sweet Almond Oil (Carrier Oils Book 14) by Miriam Kinai
  5. Almond Oil – Magic in a Flask: Be As Beautiful On the Outside As You Are Inside by Lisa A Miller

Reference Links:

  1. Boost your memory by eating right by Harvard Health Publications, Harvard Medical School
  2. Almond by Wikipedia
  3. Effect of pre-treatment of almond oil on ultraviolet B-induced cutaneous photo-aging in mice by Sultana Y, Kohli K, Athar M, Khar RK, Aqil M, Department of Pharmaceutics, Hamdard University, New Delhi, India, published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.
  4. Skin and hair benefits of Sweet Almond Oil by The Health Site
  5. Almonds and almond oil have similar effects on plasma lipids and LDL oxidation in healthy men and women by Hyson DA, Schneeman BO, Davis PA, Department of Nutrition, University of California, published in PubMed

Curry Leaf Oil

Curry-leaf-bannerCure leaf, Potent cancer warrior, Sweet neem, Indian bay and Vitamins powerhouse are some of the celebrated names of Curry leaf, the much treasured and relished aroma provider of Indian soups and curries.

Owning a similar appearance to bay leaves, these aromatic leaves hold a distinct flavor contributed by caryophyllene and 3-carene. Curry leaf essential oil is extracted from curry leaves by steam distillation method.

Curry leaf tree is an easy to cultivate herb and is indigenous to India and Sri Lanka, the countries of rich cultural heritage. Every part of this tree including its leaves, berries and flowers have enormous medicinal values and the best part is that it is easily affordable to poor people as well.

Ayurveda calls this tree as Girinimba or Krishnanimba, named after Lord Krishna, the God of ultimate protection. This ancient art of holistic healing has used Curry leaves and its essential oil in various Ayurvedic preparations for the treatment of diabetes, eye diseases, liver problems, diarrhea, high cholesterol, hair fall, gastrointestinal problems, skin pigmentation and oral disorders.

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Historical uses and importance of Curry Leaf tree:

Curry leaves have its name carved in the Tamil literature dating back to 4th century AD for its abundant culinary benefits. Derived from the Tamil word Kari meaning spicy sauce, curry leaves are being clad by numerous vernacular names such as Kariveppilai in Tamil, Kariveppu in Malayalam, Meetha Neem or Karipatta in Hindi, Karibevu in Kannada, Karepeku in Telugu, Folhas de caril in Portuguese, Listya karri in Russian, Fogli di cari in Italian, Hoias de curry in Spanish and Curryblatter in German.

Beautifying the backyard of every home in the Indian subcontinent, Curry leaf tree has a strong precedence in the Indian folklore medicine. The leaves are widely used for its digestive properties in numerous Indian cuisines and have been used in Ayurvedic healing as a natural tonic for an extensive range of ill-health conditions.

Curry leaves are used in alternative medicinal practices like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and the Traditional Chinese medicine for treating diarrhea, vomiting and to endorse the appetite. These leaves are known to possess anti-diabetic properties and is a popular natural aid for controlling diabetes. The paste extracted from the ground leaves are applied on wounds, eruptions, bruises, burns, acne and to treat other skin disorders.

Curry leaves boiled in coconut oil is a popular natural tonic for hair growth. This herbal tonic is trusted to nourish hair follicles and restore its natural color. It quenches thirst and suppresses the heat of the body, for which the yummy buttermilk flavored with curry leaves is often served to greet the guests in India. These leaves are also used in ancient rituals, prayers and sacred ceremonies as a substitute for tulsi leaves.

Certain Ayurvedic remedies include the roots of Curry leaf tree as an aid to relieve pain associated with kidneys. It also assists in treating inflammation, itching, anemia and other blood disorders. Known for its astringent properties, the fruits of the Curry leaf tree are found to be nutritional and beneficial in the mythological medicines of ancient India and China.

The branches of the Curry leaf tree are used since primordial times vastly in the field of oral care. It was used as a datun (natural brush) for cleaning the teeth and strengthening the gums by building a protective shield to battle against the harmful microbes.

Chemical constituents and therapeutic properties of Curry Leaf oil:

Rich in carbazole alkaloids, Curry leaf oil constitutes of  α-pinene, sabinene , caryophyllene, β-pinene , terpinen-4-ol, γ-terpinene , limonene ,α-terpinene, (E)-nerolidol, α-humulene, α-thujene ,β-elemene ,β-selinene , b-gurjunene, b-bisabolene, trans beta ocimene, b-cardinene, a-selinene and myrcene.

This oil serves as a rich nutritional source of carbohydrates, fibers, minerals, proteins, Vitamins A, B, B2, E & C, calcium, phosphorous, iron, magnesium, oxalic acid and nicotinic acids with zero fats.

Curry leaf oil is used in promoting the health of humanity with its antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, stimulant, anti-dysenteric, stomachic, carminative, antiemetic, purgative, appetizer, analgesic, detoxifier, diuretic, anti-aging, hepatoprotective, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, depurative, revitalizing, insecticidal, fungicidal, anti-hypercholesterolemic, lipolytic and deodorant properties.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Curry leaf oil:

Ayurveda is the ancient science of holistic healing, where ‘Ayur’ means life and ‘Veda’ means knowledge. Being the oldest of all remedial systems in the world, Ayurveda is the mother of all healing methodologies on earth and is the pioneer system for many healing sciences including Siddha, Unani, Chiropractic, Acupressure, Homeopathy and the Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Health according to Ayurveda is a three-tier structure comprising of the perfect balance between the body, mind and spirit. This natural science states that wellness and illness depends solely on the perfect rhythm with nature.

It also says that everything on earth is a part of nature and is made up the five elements of nature. They are earth, water, fire, space and air. Among these elements earth constructs the physical body (bones and muscles), water runs in the form of blood and other fluids in the body, air aids in breathing, agni or fire is the heat energy created in the body for carrying out the functions of metabolism, absorption and body temperature and space is the spirit that lives in.

Ayurveda trusts that every individual is made with a unique combination of these five elements in the form of biological energies known as doshas. These energies put together is the individual constitution or the physical, mental and spiritual make up of a person. Every human being has a predominance of any one of these doshas and this predominance determines their unique personality, character and behavioral attributes.

Illness according to Ayurveda is an opportunity to trace out that there is something out of balance in the body due to the imbalance of these three doshas. To treat these imbalances, which are mostly the root cause of a sickness, Ayurvedic system prescribes natural medications like herbs, physical exercises, essential oils, Ayurvedic routine, healthy lifestyle, meditation, prayers, and yoga that suit the individual constitution.

Curry leaf oil has the power to pacify aggravated kapha and vata doshas and increase pitta dosha. With such well-built healing values, Ayurveda prescribes Curry leaf oil as an aid to assist every human being with healthy hair, bright eyesight, strong teeth and gums, glowing skin, actively functioning liver, smooth digestive system, cholesterol and diabetes-free system.

The most important Ayurvedic health benefits of Curry leaf oil are:

Curry-leaf-broucher1. A natural tonic for long and lustrous hair:

Healthy, long, strong and lustrous hair is the dream of many. Here comes the natural wonder to give life to your dreams about your hair and would you believe if I say that the wonder is nothing but the most affordable Curry leaf oil? Yes! A balanced diet with equal proportion of vitamins, minerals, iron and other nutrients is required to maintain a healthy hair. Rich in minerals, iron, Vitamins A, B, C & E, Curry leaves and its essential oil have been used both internally and externally in Ayurveda since ages for hair care.

As a rich source of natural antioxidants, Curry leaf oil helps in contracting the muscles and tissues, thus strengthening the roots of the hair and preventing hair fall. The healthy nutrients in this oil promotes natural hair growth and effectively works on the real pigmentation of the individual’s physique and helps in bringing back the original color of the hair.

This attribute of Curry leaf oil makes it a wonderful natural aid for premature graying of hair and skin pigmentation problems, where the skin loses its natural pigmentation and white patches start spreading all over the body. A renowned article by the members of the Spices Board Team states that curry leaves have done miracle in the life of those affected by skin pigmentation problems.

All you need to do is to add 5 drops of Curry leaf oil in 2.5 ml of coconut oil and massage it gently on the scalp and let it for 1 hour. After this soothing massage wash your hair with natural hair cleansers like Shikakai or herbal shampoos for startling results. For treating skin pigmentation, add 2 drops of Curry leaf oil in 1 ml of olive oil and apply it on the affected areas in a relaxing manner. Use mild soaps on the skin after this massage.

2. Protects the eyes and improves eyesight:

Vitamin A is all that comes to our mind, the moment we think about ways to improve our eyesight and protect our eyes from the onset of some common diseases that come along with aging. As a rich source of Vitamin A, Curry leaf oil provides the necessary compounds required by the retina of the eye in the formation of the light absorbing molecule called rhodopsin, which aids in good vision.

Curry leaves not only help in brightening the vision of the eyes but also assists in delaying the onset of cataract if utilized regularly. You can add 1 drop of Curry leaf oil in steam inhalation or in warm water for washing your face. The best ways to benefit your vision is to use fresh Curry leaves in your diet and adding 1 to 2 drops of Curry leaf oil in almond oil for massaging your face.

3. Aids in maintaining oral health:

Gum problems, toothache and bad breath are often the most annoying health conditions. It has been a practice in India since the ancient times to chew Curry leaves daily to maintain good oral health. The essential oil extracted from these leaves are rich in vitamin C, calcium, folic acid and zinc. Adding 2 drops of this oil in a cup of warm water and using it as a gargle aids in strengthening the teeth and gums and gives a long lasting freshness in your breath.

Moreover the antimicrobial, antibacterial and antifungal attributes of this oil helps in refreshing the breath thus curing halitosis as well. It is for this great reason; the primeval Indians used the branches of the Curry leaf tree to clean their teeth.

A recent study on the role of herbal products for oral care states that chewing Curry leaves or gargling with its essential oil stimulates the process of salivation that in turn increases the salivary PH value which plays an important role in maintaining the oral health and promoting the dental remineralization apart from protecting against various other oral health issues such as bad breath, advent of tooth decay due to harmful bacteria etc.

4. Excellent aid in skin care:

Skin is the largest organ of the human body and most often your skin health reflects the healthiness of your entire system. Today’s contemporary living forces most of us to encounter numerous dermatological problems due to the close contact with harmful chemicals in various forms ranging from cosmetics, hair care, skin care and personal hygiene products that we use every day.

Curry Leaf oil serves as a natural antimicrobial and antioxidant agent that aids in protecting the skin from tanning with its rich nutrient values. Massaging your skin with 5 drops of Curry leaf oil blended with 2.5 ml of Jojoba oil effectively helps in keeping the connective tissues intact thus helping in reducing wrinkles and relieving from other signs of aging.

You can also add 2 drops of Curry leaf oil in your regular skin care cream or lotion and apply it gently on the affected area for arresting the spread of infectious micro-organisms like bacteria, virus and fungi that often remains as the cause of concern for various skin problems including pimples, athlete’s foot, ringworm, itches, acne, boils and septic of wounds and burns.

The antimicrobial property of this oil assists in curbing the growth of microbes causing skin problems and infections and this powerful oil is used in the manufacturing of toiletries and ointments and skin care creams. This oil has the power to treat poisonous insect bites also.

5. Helps in treating Diabetes Mellitus:

Diabetes mellitus is the most common health condition among the numerous hereditary diseases that affect human beings. It is one of the most hazardous ailments for it is always associated with plenty of other factors that can make you completely wreck-down if not kept under control.

Ayurvedic healing strongly prescribes the use of Curry leaf and its essential oil for treating diabetes, as these magical leaves have hypoglycemic values. Numerous research studies by medical practitioners and scholars state that curry leaf oil has the potential of slowing down the rate of breaking down of start into glucose which results in lower level of glucose being dispersed in the bloodstream.

Ensure that you go on for a natural Ayurvedic massaging twice a week with 6 drops of Curry leaf oil mixed with 3 to 4 ml of sesame oil, followed by a warm bath where 2 drops of this oil is diluted in the bathing water as well. The remedial properties of this oil penetrate through the skin and enter the blood stream where it fights against diabetes mellitus by controlling the blood glucose levels in the body.

6. Effectively cares your digestive system:

Curry leaf oil has a handful of remedial benefits including stimulant, appetizer, anti-dysenteric, stomachic, carminative and antiemetic. Being a natural stimulant, it enhances the appetite and promotes the secretion of digestive enzymes, thus aiding in proper digestion and complete absorption of the nutrients after every meal.

Curry leaf oil serves as an excellent purgative to regularize your bowel movements. It also helps in alleviating other digestive disorders such as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea due to indigestion, constipation, piles etc. Moreover, it acts as an efficient antimicrobial and antifungal agent to set your intestines free from harmful microbes. This is the major reason for using Curry leaves in food preparation.

To help with digestive disorders, you can massage your tummy and abdomen with 4 drops of Curry leaf oil mixed with 2 ml of sesame oil or add 2 drops of this oil in your vaporizer or diffuser. You can also go for a warm bath diluted with 3 drops of Curry leaf oil to relieve from stomach upset, indigestion, irregular bowel movements and loss of appetite.

7. Helps maintain the optimal cholesterol level:

Curry leaf oil is rich in carbazole alkaloids (antioxidant), which helps in aiding the metabolism of fats and fatty acids in the body, thus helping in reducing and eliminating the bad cholesterol in the system. This potential of Curry leaf oil has significant impact in the treatment of obesity and high-cholesterol levels.

Massage your system with 6 drops of Curry leaf oil with 3 ml of warm coconut oil and inhale the remedial aroma of Curry leaf oil by adding 2 drops of this oil in your burner or aromatic candles for maintaining the proper level of HDL (good cholesterol) in your system. When inhaled, the aromatic molecules of this oil passes the nasal passages and reach the limbic system, which is the chief control center of the brain and it passes appropriate signals and commands to various organs for active functioning.

8. Reduces inflammation:

As a natural detoxifier and depurative, Curry leaf oil helps in excreting the harmful toxins from the body and purifies the blood. It also acts as a diuretic and eases the quantity and frequency of urinating. By this way, it leaves less pressure on the kidneys and protects the liver by aiding it to encounter with less amount of toxic substances.

All these medicinal values make Curry leaf oil as a superior natural remedy for reducing inflammatory conditions caused due to water retention and deposits of toxins, excess salt and uric acid. Mix 2 drops of Curry leaf oil with 1 ml of olive oil and massage it firmly on the painful or inflamed parts for quick relief. You can also add 3 to 4 drops of this oil in hot compress for effective results.

Other health benefits of Curry Leaf Oil:

Due to its richness in vitamin A and calcium, Curry leaf oil is used in strengthening the bones and hence it is highly recommended for women who suffer from osteoporosis and calcium deficiency. It is also a great aid in recovering from the aftershocks of radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatments of cancer. With its disinfectant and antimicrobial properties, Curry leaf oil is also used in the manufacturing of soaps, insecticides and mosquito repellents.

Disclaimer:

This information is only for educational purposes and is not meant to substitute any professional medical advice or prescribed medication. Do not use essential oils internally and always use it topically in a diluted form only, as pure and organic essential oils are highly concentrated extracts from plants. It is advisable to consult your Ayurvedic expert before making the right choice of essential oils that are suitable for your unique state of health and individual constitution.

Thought for the day:

Knowing trees, I understand the meaning of patience. Knowing grass, I can appreciate persistence. -Hal Borland

Suggested Reading:

  1. Herbal Antibiotics: Natural Alternatives for Treating Drug-Resistant Bacteria (Medicinal Herb Guide) by Stephen Harrod Buhner
  2. Curry Leaves and Cumin Seeds: A Healthier Approach to Indian Cooking by Jeeta Gandhi
  3. Pharmacognosy and Biological evaluation of Murraya Koenigii (Linn) by Ashish Gaur
  4. Essential Oils from the Leaves of Murraya Koenigii (spreng.), Murraya Exotica (linn.) And Murraya Exotica Var. Ovatifoliolata by A. R.; Simonsen, J. L.

Reference Links:

  1. Curry Tree by Wikipedia
  2. Phytochemical diversity of Murraya koenigii from Western Himalaya published in pubmed.
  3. A 2012 research article on the Estimation of salivary and tongue coating pH on chewing household herbal leaves: A randomized controlled trial published in PubMed.
  4. A 2004 article on ‘The traditional diabetes remedy offers hope’ published in The Times of India.
  5. Ayurvedic Herb Curry Leaves published in Geocities

Cucumber Oil

Will you be delighted or dreary if someone beckons you, “As Cool as a Cucumber”? I would rather recommend you to take pride when somebody calls you with that phrase because it simply means the attitude of being calm, composed and in absolute control of your emotions, even if a particular situation demands your aggressiveness and anger.

Cucumber-bannerThis is because Cucumber is one among the coolest fruits as scientific facts state “the inside temperature of a Cucumber can be up to 20 degrees cooler than the outside air”, besides growing well in tropical conditions.

Called as Kantakiphalam, Svetakarahatakam, Mutralam and Sudhavasah in Sanskrit, Cucumber is commonly called as Kheera in the traditional healing methodology.

Proudly representing India as its Motherland, Cucumber has been a part of the ancient Ayurvedic regimen in the treatment of rheumatic conditions, constipation, urinary disorders, cholera, wrinkles, dandruff, arthritis, vaginal infections, loss of appetite, duodenal ulcer, erectile dysfunctions, high cholesterol, eczema and hyperacidity.

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Historical uses and importance of Cucumber and its essential oil:

Cucumber, as far as its history is known to the world is said to be a 3,000 years old fruit variety of the gourd family, cucurbitaceae. Besides its use in culinary, Cucumber has been preferred for raw eating, mainly for its cool, mild and enhancing flavor.

This cylindrical fruit is a powerhouse of various nutrients, for which it has been used in various civilizations across the world including the Rome, Israel, Greek, Egypt, The United Kingdom, France, China, and USA. The three famous varieties of this creeping vine are pickling, slicing and burpless cucumbers.

Cucumbers are absolutely edible and are found across the globe, all around the year but the high seasonal growth curtails to May – August. Pliny The Elder, the Roman philosopher quotes that Cucumber is the most favorite fruit of the Roman Emperor, Tiberius. His gardeners grew cucumbers using artificial methods, just to ensure that the king had cucumbers on his table every day.

It is being said that cucumbers were used in the primordial Roman province for treating more than 40 medical conditions, including scorpion stings, blurred vision, frigidity, high blood pressure and diabetes.

The Biblical reference of cucumber goes like this “We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely/the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlic.” After which the Israelites started cultivating cucumbers by themselves.

Certain sources state that cucumbers were brought to Haiti in 1494 by Christopher Columbus and were cultivated by the early Spanish settlers. South and North Dakota boasts for owning the finest cucumber farmers of Native America.

These fresh and refreshing fruits are often used in making salads (Indian raita), sauces, pickles, cold soups, sausages, chutneys, lamb chops, relishes and dressings. Cucumber and its essential oil are also used in the manufacturing of soaps, moisturizing lotions, anti-dandruff shampoos, conditioners and skin care creams, especially anti-aging products, for its nourishing properties.

Therapeutic properties and chemical constituents of Cucumber oil:

The oil of Cucumber contains about 14 to 20% of oleic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid and 60 to 68% of omega-3-linoleic acid. It also contains potassium, silicon, cucurbitacins, sulphur and certain fatty acids like 9, 12, 15-Octadecatrienoic acid and 9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid.

Cucumber oil has antioxidant, diuretic, anti-rheumatic, anti-ulcer, relaxing, antidote, rejuvenating, anti-stress, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancerous, tonic, anti-dandruff, and laxative properties. It is rich in Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and C along with magnesium, calcium, phosphorous, zinc, iron and folic acid.

Next time, when you are exhausted and drained out, stop sliding on toxic caffeine drinks, instead grab a Cucumber and bank upon it for all your nutritional requisites.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Cucumber oil:

Ayurveda and Cucumber share the mutual joy of being indigenous to India, the land of rich cultural heritage. This oldest healing science on the globe states that everything on earth is made up of the five vital elements of nature, namely fire, water, earth, space and air.

Among which the living things on this planet acquires prana, the vital energy of life and ojas, and the nutritive quintessence from Mother Earth. While animal and human beings utilize prana and ojas for vitality and livelihood, plants grab ojas and prana from the ground and renovate them as food, herbal medications and essential oils for the absolute well-being of all other organisms.

The greatest news about the nobility of plants and trees are that they capture enormous life force and spiritual energy straight from the space by constantly looking up to the sky. Thus, any source of food or medicines acquired from plants instills the purest form of energy directly to our soul. It is because of this reason; we call invigorating plant fragrances (especially from essential oils, the life essence of plants) as soulful aromatic substances.

Cucumber is a bundle of joy and instant coolant that refreshes everyone even on a bright sunny day. It bears all the heat in the atmosphere, yet remaining absolutely cool in the inside makes it a special fruit with enormous healing attributes and nutritional values. India, being a country of tropical climatic conditions, rests upon Cucumber to quench its thirst and no Indian summer is complete without Cucumbers on the street.

Being a complete traditional remedy, Ayurveda regards health as a combination of physical, emotional and spiritual wellness and this ideology is based upon its philosophy of considering the human system as a place of worship or temple.

Ayurveda believes that the soul vested within each of us connects with Divinity and this connection or synchronization is the rationale behind hale and heartiness.

Ayurveda says that every individual is made up of three distinct doshas (vata, pitta and kapha) or biological energies. The most predominant among the three doshas acts as a deciding factor for your personality, character and behavioral traits.

Imbalance of any one of these doshic elements end up in health problems signaling that the body is out of balance with nature.

Imbalance of vata dosha can end up in memory loss, lack of concentration, fear, insomnia, dry skin, restlessness and constipation. Pitta unevenness might lead to disgust, ulcer, anger, heartburn, high blood pressure, jealousy, fever and skin ulcers.

Fluid retention, toxic remains, congestion, sluggishness, delayed menstruation, uterine fibroids, obesity and procrastination are the results of Kapha vitiation.

Cucumber oil has pacifying effects on pitta and kapha dosha. The cooling and refreshing properties of this oil can help in treating high blood pressure, heartburn, ulcer, fluid retention, skin eruptions, constipation and stress.

Cucumber is absolutely a treat for the four senses of healing, whereas its lucid green color soothes the sense of sight, it’s refreshing taste energizes the sense of taste, its cooling properties penetrate deeply into the skin to transfer its therapeutic values through the sense of touch, it’s refreshing aroma reaches the limbic system in the form of aromatic molecules to control emotions.

The other significant Ayurvedic health benefits of Cucumber oil are:

Cucumber-oil1. Augments skin health and supports radiating complexion:

Cucumber oil has stupendous revitalizing and nourishing properties that help in treating dull, damaged or mature skin conditions. The presence of linoleic acid and oleic acid in cucumber makes it an excellent aid for skin problems including acne, blackheads, sunburns, psoriasis, eczema and certain other inflammatory skin conditions.

The antioxidant properties of cucumber oil are attributed to the significant existence of tocopherol and tocotrienol substance along with the three lignans including secoisolariciresinol, lariciresinol and pinoresinol. These elements make Cucumber oil powerful in fighting against the free radicals responsible for aging symptoms, skin damages and several types of cancer, including ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer and uterine cancer.

Massaging your skin with 10 drops of Cucumber oil blended with 2 drops of Orange oil and 4 ounce of coconut oil can help in retaining the natural moisture in the skin, repair dry and dull skin surface, treat eczema, psoriasis, rough, scaly and mature skin, reduce wrinkles, aging symptoms and skin eruptions.

A 2011 study on “Exploring Cucumber Extract For Skin Rejuvenation” by Naveed Akhtar, Arshad Mehmood, Barkat Ali Khan, Tariq Mahmood, Haji Muhammad Shoaib Khan and Tariq Saeed, Department of Pharmacy, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur and the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan, Published in the African Journal of Biotechnology, states that cucumber extract has been proven extremely beneficial for the skin.

These experts also say that Cucumber extracts have passed the maximum number of dermatological tests including skin melanin test, skin erythema test (safety of cosmetics), pH tests, skin moisture content test, skin sebum content test, and trans epidermal water loss test.

This study concludes stating that this was a preliminary initiative in exploring the unknown effects of Cucumber as a topical cream for skin rejuvenation.

It also states that cucumber extracts aid in reducing the melanin content (responsible for skin pigmentation and complexion); has anti-acne effects with its potent to decrease the content of skin sebum.

This study also declares that these analyses have proved to be capable in the context of prospective topical applications of cucumber extract (with its varied skin care properties), as cosmetics, skin-care items and in the manufacturing of pharmaceutical preparations.

You can also add 2 drops of Cucumber oil in a cup of cool water and wash your face for locking the moisture and fight against acne causing micro-organisms.

2. Combats dandruff and explores the natural shine of your locks:

Bouncy, strong, silky and dandruff-free lustrous locks are the dream of many women out there. Men are not an exception though, in longing for healthy hair that is free from hair loss, dandruff and other scalp conditions.

Cucumber is one among those natures’s richest owner of the minerals like silica and sulphur, of which sulphur is known for promoting hair growth and silica fortifies the hair follicles and protect from breakage and loss of hair. Silica is an essential element for supporting the health of connective tissues like skin, muscles, ligaments and bones.

The moisturizing properties of Cucumber oil helps in hydrating the scalp and aids in reducing dryness, itchy and flaky scales on the scalp surface and nourishes the scalp and roots of the hair from within.

Massaging your scalp with 5 ounce of Cucumber oil mixed with 5 drops of Rosemary oil and 5 drops of Brahmi oil and leaving it for 1 hour by wrapping a warm towel (helps the medicated blend to penetrate deeply into your scalp) can assist in reducing dandruff, replenishing the scalp, enhancing the luster of your hair and prevent excessive hair fall. You can also add 5 drops of Cucumber oil in your mild shampoo for fastening the natural moisture in your hair for a longer duration.

This blend can be applied by the swimmers before their swimming voyage in the chlorinated and chemical filled water. This helps in preventing the hair damage naturally.

3. Helps control high blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes:

Certain studies witness that the presence of sterols in Cucumbers may help in reducing the high level of cholesterol, while the presence of fiber, magnesium and potassium assists in treating high blood pressure. Cucumber also stimulates the secretion of insulin hormones in the pancreas, thus assisting in the treatment of diabetes.

Eating fresh cucumber daily along with adding 5 drops of Cucumber oil in your liquid soap can help in vitalizing your cells and augment your energy levels.

4. Soothes the digestive system, thus helps in treating ulcers and halitosis:

Cucumber oil has the power to soothe and pacify pitta dosha. The excess of which would end up in overindulgence of digestive fire leading to ulcer, high blood pressure, acidity, heartburn, acne, negative emotions, feelings of rage, insomnia, acne and certain other skin eruptions.

Massaging your abdomen and chest with 10 drops of Cucumber oil blended with 2 drops of Peppermint oil can help in cooling the digestive system (intemperance of digestive fire) by soothing the lining of the stomach and intestines. Using 2 drops of Cucumber oil in warm gargle can assist in fighting against bad breath with the presence of phytochemicals.

5. Flushes out toxins and aids in treating rheumatic and inflammatory conditions:

Cucumber has enormous amount of ascorbic acid, contributing to its diuretic properties. This moisture-rich oil helps in replenishing the system with its anti-rheumatic, antioxidant and diuretic properties by flushing out the excess fluid deposits, toxic remains, salt, uric acid, free radicals and fat deposits in the system, which is often responsible for inflammatory conditions like gout, rheumatism, arthritis, swelling, redness, obesity and puffy eyes.

Massaging the affected parts with 5 ounce of Cucumber oil with 5 ounce of Sweet Almond oil can help in promoting frequent urination, thus eliminating toxic remains, free radicals, salt, fat deposits and uric acid, which helps in reducing swelling, skin irritations, muscular soreness, pain, redness and muscular stiffness associated with rheumatism and arthritis.

Pranayama or the art of balanced breathing can help highly in expelling ama or excess toxic substances in the system, where all these toxins are discharged through exhalation.

Inhaling the refreshing fragrance of Cucumber by adding 2 drops of this oil in your air freshener, especially during Pranayama and meditation can grant quicker relief by releasing your mind and body from toxic emotional blocks and harmful toxins in the system.

Other health benefits:

Cucumber is also helpful in treating vaginal itching, erectile dysfunctions, heart problems, renal calculi, cancer therapy, dark circles, urinary infections, cholera, and cellulites.

Disclaimer:

This piece of information is meant only for the purpose of information and is not recommended to treat or prevent any kind of medical conditions. It is not meant to replace any prescription medicines or the advice of a medical professional. We, the team of Essential Depot are not experts in Remedial practices or Traditional medicine and these facts are shared only for spreading the greatness of Ayurveda in treating mankind.

Essential oils are recommended only for topical applications and do dilute essential oils in suitable carrier oils before using it on the skin. Never ingest essential oils as absolutely pure and organic essential oils are highly concentrated substances and may cause allergic reactions, when used internally or on the skin without dilution.

Speak with your Ayurvedic expert or medical professional before choosing the right essential oils for your state of health and unique individual constitution. Performing a patch test on your skin before enjoying its complete benefits is an amicable advice.

Thought for the day:

Green is the prime color of the world, and that from which its loveliness arises.

– By Pedro Calderon de la Barca.

Suggested Reading:

  1. Cucumber Recipes by Jackie Swansen
  2. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeial Plant Drugs: Expanded Therapeutics by C. P. Khare
  3. Dying to Look Good by Christine Hoza Farlow
  4. Asian Secrets of Health, Beauty and Relaxation by Sophie Benge, Luca Invernizzi Tettoni
  5. The Aromatherapy Encyclopedia: A Concise Guide to over 385 Plant Oils by Carol Schiller, David Schiller

Reference Links:

  1. Cucumber by Wikipedia
  2. Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) – Derived Ingredients as Used in Cosmetics, published in Cosmetic Ingredient Review
  3. The anti-aging effects of Cucumbers by Dr. David Jockers, published in Natural News
  4. Exploring Cucumber Extract For Skin Rejuvenation by Naveed Akhtar, Arshad Mehmood, Barkat Ali Khan, Tariq Mahmood, Haji Muhammad Shoaib Khan and Tariq Saeed, Department of Pharmacy, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur and the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan, Published in the African Journal of Biotechnology
  5. Phytochemical and therapeutic potential of cucumber by Mukherjee PK, Nema NK, Maity N, Sarkar BK, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, India, published in PubMed