Palmarosa Essential Oil

Palmarosa--bannerPalmarosa oil is an absolute skin supporter for its immense medicinal benefits to the skin. With a much similar aroma like rose, this oil is used for moisturizing the skin and pacifying the mind. Scientifically known as Cymbopogon martini, Palmarosa is indigenous to the Indian sub-tropical regions and is a member of the grass family Graminaceae.

The essential oil of Palmarosa is extracted by steam distillation method from the dried grassy leaves that are harvested before flowering. In her book ‘Ayurveda and Aromatherapy’, Light Miller says “Palmarosa is widely used in Ayurvedic skin care. It is good for all skin types because it is a cellular stimulator and supports all cell regulation. It’s highly antiseptic, calming, uplifting and anti-depressive.”

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Historical uses of Palmarosa oil:

The most popular historical use of Palmarosa oil is that it has been used as a substitute as well as to adulterate rose oil with its rosy aroma. This oil was also used in making incense blends in India and was traded from India to Persia after which the western use of this oil began slowly.

It was also prescribed by the Indian doctors to lower fever and fight against infections. The ancient Indians also used Palmarosa oil for treating nerve pain, fever, rheumatism and certain other infectious diseases.

Chemical constituents or Gas Chromatography Report (GC) of Palmarosa oil:

According to the Gas chromatography report, Palmarosa oil constitutes of 14 chemical components that contribute to its fragrance, therapeutic attributes, consistency and quality. Of which, Geraniol contributes to the highest proportion of Palmarosa oil constituents with about 79.4% of its total composition.

Just click on:

I believe that this must certainly help you in getting to know the exclusive information about these prime chemical constituents of Palmarosa oil.

The table crafted below clearly depicts the unique nature and contributions of these biochemical constituents to the healing magnificence of Palmarosa essential oil.

palmarosa-oil

Therapeutic properties of Palmarosa essential oil:

Palmarosa essential oil has regenerative, antiseptic, antibacterial, cytophylactic, febrifuge, aphrodisiac, stimulant, moisturizing, antiviral, hydrating and digestive properties.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Palmarosa essential oil:

The richness of Ayurveda lies in its holistic approach towards health and harmony. Ayurvedic texts state that illness is just an indication symbolizing that there is imbalance between the mind, body and spirit with nature. It illustrates that human body is made up of three energy components namely vata, pitta and kapha together known as doshas in Ayurveda.

Vata is a combination of air and space and promotes biological functions responsible for external and internal movements of the body. Pitta represents fire and water and is responsible for metabolic functions and certain psychological attributes.

Kapha is a blend of water and earth and governs the functions of tissues, retains the balance of water, fat and other fluids in the body. Imbalance of any one of these doshas or all the three doshas results in illness. Palmarosa essential oil is known to reduce the excess of vata, pitta and kapha flow.

The Ayurvedic health benefits of Palmarosa oil are:

Palmarosa-Oil1. Fights against harmful organisms:

As an effective bactericide and antiviral oil, Palmarosa essential oil helps in killing harmful bacteria, viruses and other microbes. When applied topically after adding few drops of Palmarosa oil to ointments, skin care creams or lotions, this oil inhibits the growth of dangerous viruses that protect themselves by developing a hard cyst around them. Viral infections like athlete’s foot, ringworm and prolonged itching can be treated effectively by applying this blend externally.

A 2009 study on ‘Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils from Palmarosa, Evening Primrose, Lavender and Tuberose’, proved that among these four tested essential oils, the essential oil extracted from Palmarosa reflected the highest activity against both gram negative bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and gram positive bacteria like Escherichia coli.

Staphylococcus aureus causes numerous infections like urinary tract infections, skin lesions, pneumonia and meningitis. Escherichia coli are generally present in human intestines and cause food poisoning. You can add 2 drops of Palmarosa oil in warm bathing water or blend it with jojoba oil and use it as a massage oil for inhibiting the growth of bacteria.

2. Heals wounds and skin rashes:

The antiseptic properties of Palmarosa oil makes it an aromatic remedy for healing your wounds, cuts, burns, rashes and other skin infections. Using it as an liniment after adding 2 to 3 drops of Palmarosa oil to your skin care cream or lotion, aids in mending your wounds as well as protect them from being septic.

This is mainly because Palmarosa oil has antibacterial properties that ward off gram negative bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus that is wholly responsible for a wound to become septic. You can also use 2 to 3 drops of this oil in your bath for alleviating pain, spasms, convulsions and other skin infections.

3. Moisturizes and regenerates the skin:

Palmarosa oil is known as one of the best oils for treating problems with dry, dull and oily skin. It acts as a natural tonic to your skin and helps retain its moisture without allowing it to dry and turn lifeless.

Gently massaging your skin with 2 drops of Palmarosa oil and coconut oil will help in regulating the secretion of sebum, hydrating the skin, keeping it soft and supple and fighting against wrinkles and other symptoms of aging.

With its cytophylactic properties, Palmarosa essential oil assists in generating the growth of new skin cells and restores skin health by repairing the damaged skin cells due to environmental conditions, ageing and lack of moisture.

It enhances the defensive mechanism of the cells in the body and strengthens the immune system. The anti-inflammatory and cooling mechanism of this oil aids in treating eczema, psoriasis, boils, dermatitis, inflamed skin and wrinkles.

2 drops of Palmarosa essential oil can drive in the magical remedy for your skin. You can use it as a massage oil by blending it with jojoba oil or add it to your bath tub or to your skin care cream and lotions for visible results.

Palmarosa oil is also said to cure candida, shingles, rashes, acne and blemishes. It is also known for treating acne scars and for reducing the appearance of broken capillaries.

4. Calms the mind:

Palmarosa essential oil has a gentle, misty and lemony-rose fragrance that is comforting and calming to the mind and body. Adding 2 to 3 drops to your diffuser, air freshener, burner, vaporizer, linen or to your pillows grant a feeling of contentment, sense of security, adaptability to the existing situation, rekindles the aura, clarifies thoughts and augments the trust in the sacred stream of life.

Palmarosa oil also aids in treating nervousness, anger, anxiety, fear, possessiveness, jealousy, insomnia and resentment.

Other health benefits:

Palmarosa essential oil has been in use since the primordial times for cooling down fever with its triple healing power of being an antiviral, antibacterial and antiseptic oil.  It is also effective in treating digestive disorders, intestinal problems, stiff and sore muscles, bruising, heart palpitations and for strengthening the heart yin.

Disclaimer:

Always use essential oils for topical application and for aromatherapy uses only. Never ingest essential oils without the proper guidance of your healthcare provider. Keep away from children and do not use essential oils if you are pregnant. Consult your Ayurvedic practitioner before using specific essential oils for your unique health condition.

The MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) of Palmarosa oil is readily available for your enhanced safety and better usage.

Gas Chromatography Report (GC analysis) of Palmarosa oil.

Thought for the day:

Beauty is only skin deep. I think what’s really important is finding a balance of mind, body and spirit.    Jennifer Lopez

Suggested Reading:

  1. The Essential Guide to Natural Skin Care: Choosing Botanicals, Oils & Extracts for Simple & Healthy Beauty by Hélène Berton
  2. The Book of Beauty: Making Natural Skin Care Products with Aromatherapy and Ayurveda by Samyukta Blanchet
  3. The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy: Over 600 Natural, Non-Toxic and Fragrant Recipes to Create Health – Beauty – a Safe Home Environment by Valerie Ann Worwood

Reference Links:

  1. Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils from Palmarosa, Evening Primrose, Lavender and Tuberose published in PubMed
  2. Palmarosa Oil by The Ananda Apothecary
  3. Health Benefits of Palmarosa Essential Oil by Organic Facts
  4. Palmarosa Essential Oil by Tracesetc.com

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Angelica Root Oil

Angelica root is held high as a blessing to herbalism in the United States, just as Ginseng is to the Chinese herbalism. These angelic roots form a vital part of the history of Aromatherapy for fighting against mental exhaustion, anxiety and stress.

angelica-root-bannerLovingly called as the ‘Oil of Angels’ and ‘Root of the Holy Spirit’, Angelica root and its essential oil have been used for eliminating harmful toxins, purifying blood, treating rheumatic conditions and for relieving menstrual difficulties and respiratory problems.

It is one of the first essential oils we reach for in any infection or immune deficiency. Its tonic nature builds tissue and also brings balance to hormonal excesses or deficiencies”, say Bryan Miller and Light Miller in their book Ayurveda and Aromatherapy about Angelica root essential oil.

Chandaamshuka is among the few prominent Ayurvedic names of the Angelica plant, where the word ‘Chandaamshuka’ is termed as “one of the agents found in mountains, which helps to control serious diseases.”

With its ability to treat dysmennorhea, flatulence, nervous headaches, rheumatism, chronic bronchitis, cerebral diseases, hypertension, arthritis and many other health conditions, Angelica root is a trusted medication in Ayurvedic healing with the Sanskrit name Laghu coraka and Hindi names like Dudhachoraa and Choraka bheda.

Therapeutic properties and chemical components of Angelica root oil:

The essential oil of Angelica is extracted from the roots of this plant by steam distillation method. The predominant chemical constituents of Angelica root oil are pinene, β-terebangelene, limonene, p-cymene, myrcene, β-bisabolene, terpinolene, sabinene, pentadecanolide, α-phellandrene, linalool, cis-ocimene, camphene and certain other terpenes.

The remedial values of Angelic root oil are hepatoprotective, depurative, diuretic, febrifuge, anti-coagulant, expectorant, antipyretic, stimulant, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, stomachic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, antifungal, tonic, carminative, aphrodisiac and nervine.

Historical significance and uses of Angelica root oil:

Scientifically called as Angelica archangelica, this plant is regarded as the most unique member of the Umbelliferae family for its pleasant aroma, encompassing fragrant that is completely different from fennel, chervil, caraway, anise and parsley.

Since the pre-historic period, Angelica root is compared to Dong Quai, which is a female rejuvenative herb. Similarly Angelica root and its essential oil have been used for thousands of years in the treatment of female menstrual syndromes and reproductive difficulties.

Renowned herbalists like Paracelsus and John Gerard have prescribed the use of Angelica for treating various illnesses and the most notable among them was its effectiveness in treating plague, colic and viral infections. The roots, stems and seeds of this plant were burnt to purify the atmosphere naturally.

French herbalists Jean-Baptiste Chomel and Nicolas Lemery have depicted Angelica herb as an effective expectorant with sudorific, tonic and depurative properties.

Angelica is connected with the reproductive system in Chinese medicine. This herb has been trusted to contain Angelic powers and was used in the folk medicine and other traditional remedies for treating fever, rheumatism, rashes, toothaches, wounds and nervous headaches.

The traditional populace used Angelica roots internally for aiding in the treatment of obstetric disorders, fatigue, anorexia, menstrual problems and gastric ulcers.

A herbal infusion prepared with the crushed roots of this plant have been used in herbal medicine as an emmenagogue, bronchial tonic and for relieving general debility, indigestion and flatulence.

These remedial roots have been a part of the Austrian medicine, taken in the form of tincture or tea for treating flu, infections, fever and problems of the nervous system, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract.

The North European folklore practices used the Angelica roots as a shield against poisonous insect bites and infectious maladies. It was also used as a blood cleanser and for highly contagious infections.

Angelica is found growing wild in Norway, Sweden, Greenland, Finland, Iceland, Thailand and the inner valleys of Himalayas including Kashmir, Lahaul, Kullu and Chamba.

It was cultivated all around the world and attained high fame in the Sami culture in Scandinavia as a trusted medicinal plant and healthy vegetable. It has also been said that they used it as a flavoring agent in reindeer milk.

Called as the ‘Root of the Holy Ghost’, Angelica was believed effective against evil spirits and magical spells. Associated with many Pagan festivals, it was used as a guard against contagious health conditions, witchcrafts and for treating bites of mad dogs.

Angelica has been used for bestowing good luck, long life, faithfulness in marriage, happiness and as a blessing to the new born as well as the mother. It was introduced in Niort in 1602 as a promising remedy for plague.

It is also used as a flavoring agent in jams, omelettes, liqueurs, aquavits, trout, wines and other beverages.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Angelica root essential oil:

Angelica root is used in the powdered form for internal usage in Ayurveda and is also recommended as an oil for topical application and is also suggested as an inhalation for respiratory problems. Ayurveda is a significant part of Atharvaveda, one among the 4 sacred books of the Indian mythology where 114 verses talk about various illnesses and its Ayurvedic remedies.

Ayur + Veda simply mean the ‘knowledge of life’. This traditional healing methodology states that a determined and disciplined life is the key to longevity and healthiness. Absolute health in Ayurveda is an array of physical, psychological, spiritual and environmental attributes.

Among the greatest Ayurvedic philosophers, Charaka and Sushruta have played a vital role in gifting the most prized Ayurvedic encyclopedias namely Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita. Where the former states this holistic approach as, “The three – body, psyche, and soul – act as a tripod. The world stands upon them, and within them, the world abides.”

Ayurveda never treats diseases just by overlooking at its mere symptoms but it first attempts to trace the root cause of an illness. Treating the actual underlying cause aids in curing the disease initially and in preventing it in the future also.

The philosophy of Ayurveda believes that everything on earth is a part of Nature and diseases occur where there is imbalance with Nature. With the firm belief that Mother Nature has all the medicines for all kinds of illnesses on earth, Ayurvedic medication spins around Nature’s innate remedies for serving humanity.

The uniqueness of Ayurvedic treatment is its exclusive attention to every person as it decisively states that every human being has a unique individual constitution and their illnesses should also be treated in a unique manner as per their constitution or Prakriti, which is an arrangement of the three fundamental energies or doshas namely vata, kapha and pitta.

These Ayurvedic body types or doshas are nothing but a combination of the five elements of nature and is also called as Panchamahabutas. They are space, air, fire, water and earth. Based on this natural law of Ayurveda, every person has a predominance of any one of these doshas and it acts as a deciding factor in the personality, character, mental makeup and behavioral patterns.

Perfect balance between these three doshas indicates health and heartiness and imbalance between these doshas due to improper food habits, climatic changes and negligence in disciplinary actions paves way for diseases.

Ayurveda prescribes natural remedies like Ayurvedic essential oils, herbs, simple physical exercises, meditation, prayers, yoga, Pranayama or breathing exercises, Ayurvedic routine, and other Ayurvedic remedial techniques like Abhyanga or Ayurvedic massaging with Ayurvedic essential oils, Panchakarma or the detoxification therapy and certain other holistic practices.

Angelica root essential oil in Ayurvedic medicine is “good for all dosha types, except for Pitta in excess” quotes Bryan and Light Miller. It is also known for its curative effects in the treatment of hiccups, adrenal problems, menstrual cramps, amenorrhea, cold, anemia, headaches and improper circulation.

It’s time to read through the Ayurvedic health benefits of Angelica oil:

Angelica-root-broucher1. Fights against respiratory infections and fever:

Cold, flu, cough, bronchial congestion and other respiratory infections conquer the healthy system mainly because of kapha dosha vitiations. Kapha dosha is a combination of earth and water, excess of which leads to amassing of mucus and phlegm deposits in the nasal passages, lungs and the bronchial passages.

Angelica and its essential oil are good Ayurvedic remedy for normalizing kapha imbalances for which this herb is known to have kaphahara (one that normalizes kapha) and Svasahara (one that treats breathing problems) effects.

Bryan Miller and Light Miller suggest Angelica essential oil as excellent inhalation oil for treating respiratory problems. As a promising expectorant, this oil has been prescribed as a natural cure for cold, influenza, fever, cough, chronic bronchitis, blocked nose and breathing difficulties.

A 2011 study titled “Angelica archangelica Linn. is an angel on earth for the treatment of diseases” by Department of Pharmaceutical sciences, University of Kashmir, India published in the International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology and Neurological diseases suggests Angelica as a stimulating bronchial tonic, for its effect in treating bronchial conditions, headache, fever, chest congestion, migraine, cough and certain other respiratory problems.

Add 2 drops of Angelica oil along with 1 drop of Eucalyptus oil to steam inhalation for treating migraine pain, nasal congestion, cold, whooping cough, headache, bronchitis, sinusitis, asthma and breathing difficulties.

A gentle massage with 1 drop of Angelica oil and 1 drop of Yarrow oil and 1 drop of Eucalyptus oil in your vaporizing ointment or in a warm blend of 15ml of pure coconut oil on your chest, throat and back can be a quick reliever of block nasal passages, runny nose, sore throat, dry cough, itchy eyes and fatigue due to cold.

Massaging the foot soles with 2 drops of Angelica oil blended with 1 drop of Cumin oil mixed with 2 ml of Evening primrose oil can help in reducing the body temperature in case of fever. This also aids in combating micro-organisms that are responsible for fever and respiratory infections. Cumin and Angelica oil have excellent kapha-reducing and immune enhancing qualities that support in guarding your system against contagious fever or other infections.

2. Strengthens the immune system:

Primordial medicinal practices recommended the chewing of Angelica leaves or drinking the tea prepared with these leaves, for enhancing the immunity of a person. With its effect to fight against various hazardous pathogens and microbes including bacteria, fungi and virus, Angelica and its essential oil is a trusted natural medicine for promoting the overall health of a person.

Bryan Miller and Light Miller in their book Ayurveda and Aromatherapy quotes Angelica oil as “Good for all dosha types and its tonic nature builds tissue and also brings balance to hormonal excesses or deficiencies.” They also state that Angelica is one among the first essential oils that they use in case of immune deficiency or infections.

Adding 2 drops of Angelic oil along with 2 drops of Petitgrain oil in your warm bathing water daily can help you vastly in improving your immune power and balancing your immune deficiencies.

You can also go for an invigorating massage with 5 drops of Angelica oil with 2 drops of Rosewood oil and 2 drops of Cumin oil and 2 drops of Fennel oil with 100 ml of virgin Olive oil for supporting your immune system and guard your body against vulnerable diseases.

3. Excellent aid for digestive problems:

Angelica has been recommended by numerous physicians of various traditional medications, including the Traditional Chinese medicine as an excellent remedy for treating digestive problems like colic, intestinal gas and indigestion. Many physicians prescribe it for curing anorexia as it is known to stimulate the digestive as well as the nervous system.

The essential oil extracted from the root of the Angelica plant helps in relieving abdominal pain, intestinal gas, colic, sluggish digestion, stomach ache, cramps, nausea, flatulence and headaches caused due to digestive disorders.

Massaging your stomach with 2 drops of Angelica oil along with 2 drops of Vetiver oil in a blend of 2 ml of sesame oil can assist in stimulating the secretion bile and other digestive acids. It also helps in proper digestion and absorption of energy from the digested food.

Inhaling the bitter aroma of Angelica oil by adding 1 drop of this oil in your diffuser or a tissue can support in healing wounds or ulcers in the stomach lining and intestinal walls. With its relaxing and soothing carminative properties, Angelica oil assists in expelling intestinal gas and also relieves the pain associated with it by calming the stomach, abdominal muscles and intestines.

4. Trusted blood cleanser:

Excess of kapha dosha leads to accumulation of water deposits in the body along with the amassing of uric acid, salts, toxic substances due to improper digestion etc., This is one among the major cause for obesity, renal calculi, rheumatic conditions, gout and hypertension.

Angelica and its essential oil can aid in checking these water-borne diseases with its power to control the excess secretion of kapha dosha, thus assisting in regularizing its secretion and flushing out the toxic remains in the system through sweat and urine.

The essential oil of Angelica has diuretic property, which improves the quantity and frequency of urination, through which the accumulated water remains, toxic substances, salt, uric acid and fat in the blood and the body gets eliminated.

With its blood purifying or depurative property, promoting urine or diuretic property, influencing sweat or diaphoretic attribute of Angelica oil quickens the elimination of toxins through sweat and urine.

Massaging your body or the inflamed or painful parts of your system with 5 drops of Angelica essential oil with 2 drops of Fennel oil and 3 drops of St. John’s Wort oil along with 50 ml of coconut oil can be an excellent aid in reducing inflammation, pain, swelling, muscular soreness, irritation, redness and fat deposits and in treating urinary infections. You can also add 2 drops of Angelica oil in warm compress for alleviating pain associated with rheumatic conditions and arthritis.

5. Panacea for womanly problems and supports reproductive conditions:

Angelica essential oil has excellent emmenagogue properties that help in treating the premenstrual syndrome, delayed menstruation, blocked periods, menopausal problems and polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Angelica has been claimed as a renowned part of Chinese medicine and ten forms of Angelica herb were known to be used for strengthening the spirit, enhancing the fertility rate and for curing all sorts of feminine problems.

Adding 2 drops of Angelica oil in your vaporizer or diffuser is said to elevate your feelings and drive the negative energies like mood fluctuations, uneasiness, depression and fatigue experienced during menstrual cycle or during the post or pre-menopausal period.

Gently applying 3 drops of Angelica oil along with 2 drops of Dill oil and 20 ml of sesame oil on your lower abdomen, thighs, lower back and around your genital area can assist in relieving menstrual pain, severe abdominal cramps or dysmennorhea, blocked or delayed menstruation, nausea, fatigue, restlessness and headache associated with menstruation and menopause.

6. Fortifies the nervous system and relaxes your body:

With its stimulating and sedative effects, Angelica essential oil is said to act as a potent tonic for the nervous system and is said to instill a positive effect on the entire mechanism.

2 drops of Angelica oil with 1 drop of Rose oil added to air freshener or diffuser can certainly help in uplifting your spirits by enhancing your mood, promoting peaceful sleep by sedating the nervous afflictions and relaxing your tensed or sore muscles.

A weekly rejuvenating massage with 5 drops of Angelica oil blended with 3 drops of Rosewood oil, 3 drops of Petitgrain oil, 3 drops of Chamomile oil and 1 drop of Rose oil with 75 ml of Jojoba oil can alleviate nervous tension, anxiety, pain, anger, and negative feelings due to depression and hypertension.

This massage followed by a warm bath blended with 2 drops of Angelica oil will wipe away your mental pressure, strengthen your nervous system and leave you feeling recharged to take up the new week ahead. It is for this reason, the book Ayurveda and Aromatherapy quotes “The Archangel of Healing is embodied in Angelica, bringing strength, bravery and perseverance.”

Other health benefits:

Angelica oil is also claimed as a trusted natural remedy for treating cancerous growths, bleeding problems, constipation, psoriasis, dry skin problems, liver infections, diarrhea, sore throat, typhus fever and certain other health conditions.

Disclaimer:

This information is only for the purpose of education and is not recommended for treatment or for substituting any professional medical advice or prescribed medication. We are not medical experts and this article is published only with the view of sharing the traditional wisdom of Ayurvedic healing, world’s oldest healing methodology.

Essential oils should not be ingested and is suggested good only for topical use in diluted form. This is due to the fact that pure and organic essential oils are highly concentrated liquids and may cause adverse effects, if used on the skin directly. Speak with your Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before selecting the appropriate essential oils for your state of health along with your unique individual constitution or prakriti.

Angelica root essential oil has phototoxic effects and may cause allergic reactions when exposed to direct sunlight immediately after use. Keep essential oils out of reach of children. Get special advice from your Doctor before using essential oils, if you are pregnant or a nursing mother.

Angelica Root Oil – Possible Skin Issues:

angelica-logoGreener Life Diamond – Bio-Healthy Score => 3 – Possible Skin Issues:

See => http://www.essentialdepot.com/GreenerLifeDiamond.html

Angelica root oil is said to exhibit phototoxic effects, the resultant being irritation of the skin, redness, allergies, sunburns, blisters, hyperpigmentation and Photodermatitis or Berloque dermatitis. These skin maladies might occur if your skin is exposed to sunshine after the dermal application of this oil till 12 to 36 hours of usage.

The underlying principle is the reaction of plant furocoumarins or Psoralens present in Angelica root oil, namely angelicin. This component reacts negatively whilst absorbing sunlight visibly and ends up in toxicity, by way of modifying the molecular structure of the skin cells.

Generally, coumarins present in plant extracts are said to cause adverse side effects like phototoxic, carcinogenic, genotoxic and mutagenic effects by impeding with the DNA, on amalgamating with the ultraviolet rays exhibited from sunlight.

Research reports state that autoxidation components in Angelica root oil like alpha-pinene, limonene and delta-3-carene might cause skin sensitization. Storage of this oil in dark and airtight container, preferably in refrigerator is recommended.

The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) says that the safe level of dilution for the use of Angelica root oil on the skin exposed to sun is 0.8%, which is about 4.8 drops per ounce of any carrier oils.

Studies suggest that Angelica root oil must be avoided by pregnant and lactating women mainly due to its phototoxic, emmenagogue and abortifacient properties, as it might cause changes in the cellular structure of the fetus, induce menstruation and lessen the supply of milk (anti-galactogogue) in nursing mothers.

A 2011 study on ‘Angelica archangelica’ published in the International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases states that this traditional herb can be a potent alternative for producing harmless and effectual anti-cancer drugs.

The most comforting note is that the coumarins are not the major constituents of Angelica root oil and grants a sizeable periphery of safety for dermatological uses.

Yet, the great news is that Furocoumarins are also used along with the long-wave ultraviolet light treatment in the diagnosis of T-cell lymphoma, vitiligo, psoriasis and mycosis fungoides. This warning is pertinent to direct use on the skin like creams, massage oils, lotions and balms not for wash-off products like soaps, shampoos and other bath preparations.

Reference Links Substantiating Possible Skin Issues of Angelica Root Oil:

  1. Essential Oils Safety: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young
  2. Angelica archangelica Linn. is an angel on earth for the treatment of diseases ZA Bhat, Dinesh Kumar, MY Shah, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India, published in the International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases
  3. Angelica by Drugs.com
  4. Leung’s Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients, used in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics by Ikhlas A. Khan and Ehab A. Abourashed.
  5. Angelica archangelica L. by Madeleine Kylin, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Faculty of Landscape planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science Plant breeding and Biotechnology

Thought for the day:

Nature is infinitely creative. It is always producing the possibility of new beginnings.     -Marianne Williamson

Suggested Reading:

  1. Ayurveda & Aromatherapy: The Earth Essential Guide to Ancient Wisdom and Modern Healing by Dr. Light Miller, Dr. Bryan Miller
  2. Bartram’s Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine: The Definitive Guide to the Herbal Treatments of Diseases by Thomas Bartram
  3. The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils: The Science of Advanced Aromatherapy by Kurt Schnaubelt Ph.D.
  4. Sacred Plant Medicine: The Wisdom in Native American Herbalism by Stephen Harrod Buhner, Brooke Medicine Eagle
  5. Vibrant Health Now! How to use essential oils, aromatherapy and natural health products to detox your body and reach optimal health by Casey Conrad

Reference Links:

  1. Angelica archangelica by Wikipedia
  2. Angelica archangelica Linn., is an angel on earth for the treatment of diseases by ZA Bhat, Dinesh Kumar, MY Shah Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kashmir, Hazaratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India published in the International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, and Neurological Diseases.
  3. Canda (Root) – Angelica archangelica by The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India
  4. Health benefits of Angelica essential oil by Organic Facts


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Orange Bitter Essential Oil

Orange-bitter-bannerBitter’ has been the most neglected taste all around the world and the truth is that bitter things are often better for your fitness regime. On a deeper note, most of the medicines are bitter and they pave way for the sweet fruit of health and harmony.

Unlike the sweet oranges, bitter oranges are not much favored mainly for its tart, astringent and acidic taste. Since the ancient times, bitter oranges and the essential oil cold pressed from the rind of these fruits have carried away the world of medicine with its enormous medicinal values.

Known as Narange in Sanskrit, bitter orange is used in Ayurveda in the treatment of gout, gastrointestinal problems, lack of appetite, anxiety and digestive disorders.

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Scientifically known as Citrus aurantium, bitter orange is an evergreen tree indigenous to the tropical parts of Asia and Africa. Almost all the parts of this tree are used in extracting essential oils due its healing values.

Essential oil extracted from the leaves and twigs of this tree is known as Petitgrain oil, the oil distilled from the flowers of this tree is the celebrated Neroli oil and the oil extracted from the peel of the bitter orange fruit is called as Bitter orange essential oil.

Historical importance of Bitter Orange:

The Traditional Chinese Medicine used bitter oranges as a natural carminative and tonic for treating dyspepsia. They also used dried bitter oranges in the treatment of diarrhea, ptosis of the anus and uterus, blood in feces and abdominal distention.

The rind of bitter orange fruits were used in Homeopathy for relieving abdominal pain, headache, constipation, digestive disorders, weight loss and high blood pressure. Due to the presence of the active ingredient synephrine, bitter oranges are used in herbal medicinal system as an appetite suppressant and as a stimulant.

The Brazilian folklore medicine used bitter orange and its oil in treating insomnia and anxiety. The ancient Europeans used it as a prophylactic and as a sedative for curing nervous problems, gastrointestinal disorders, insomnia, sore throat and gout.

This medicinal herb has been in use in various cultures across the globe in the treatment of cancer, anaphylactic shock, cardiac exhaustion, heartburn, fungal infections and certain other heart problems.

The native Latin Americans used it in the preparation of a tonic for treating insomnia, lessening anxiety and also as a laxative. It is also used in the United States as an effective aid in preventing colon, breast and skin cancer.

In addition, bitter orange essential oil is used in flavoring baked goods, alcoholic beverages, gelatins, candies, puddings, meat products, frozen desserts and certain other condiments. It is also used as a marinade for meat in the Haitian, Cuban, Nicaraguan and Dominican cooking.

Therapeutic properties and constituents of Bitter orange essential oil:

The remedial properties of this oil are antiseptic, carminative, sedative, stomachic, digestive, antidepressant, anti-hyper cholesterolemic, tranquilizer, anti-inflammatory, choleretic, antifungal and antibacterial. Synephrine, tyramine metabolites N-methyltyramine, pinene, carotenoids, limonene, cymene, camphene, octopamine, ocimene and few other alkaloids are its major chemical constituents.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Bitter orange essential oil:

Ayurveda is the oldest of all the healing methodologies in the world and it still flourishes due to the simplicity it preaches and practices in its remedial rule. According to this ancient science, every individual is a part of nature and his/her poor health and good health depends upon their harmony with nature.

Sickness in Ayurveda is a strong symbol that the individual’s system is out of balance with nature and needs immediate assistance with natural remedies like essential oils, herbal medications, yoga, healthy lifestyle and meditation.

Ayurvedic remedies aim at treating the actual root cause of an illness instead of treating the illness alone and suggests an Ayurvedic routine for preventing such illnesses in the future as well.

Every human being according to Ayurvedic principle is unique with an individual constitution that comprises of three energy elements known as doshas, namely vata, pitta and kapha. The predominance of any one of these doshas determines the personality and characteristics of an individual and imbalance of any of these doshas leads to diseases.

Ayurvedic treatments vary from individual to individual based upon their dosha predominance and unique constitution. Bitter orange essential oil is said to increase vata and pitta doshas and pacify kapha dosha.

The Ayurvedic health benefits of Bitter orange oil are:

1. Treats skin problems:

Bitter orange essential oil has been proved effective in treating numerous skin problems with its antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. The rind of this fruit from which its essential oil is extracted contains non-bitter flavonoids, which is known to have considerable venotonic properties.

It is for this reason; bitter orange essential oil is used in cosmetics for preventing capillary fragility. Bitter orange extracts are also used in the treatment of cellulite as it has the potent to normalize the affected parts and stimulate the cutaneous tone of the skin.

The effects and unique properties of bitter orange essential oil in the Aromatherapy Workbook by Shirley Price states bitter orange essential oil “help restore an acne skin to normal and is prophylactic against the signs of ageing”. When applied to the affected area after blending 2 drops of bitter orange oil with coconut oil, the antifungal properties of this oil help in treating fungal infections like athlete’s foot and ringworm.

Bitter orange oil also acts as a natural antiseptic and aids in clearing acne, cold sores, wounds, psoriasis, eczema and certain other skin problems due to excessive stagnation of oil. You can add 2 drops of bitter orange oil with refreshing carrier oil like jojoba oil or to your skin care creams and lotions and gently massage onto the affected parts for quicker effects.

2. Enhances the digestive mechanism:

For more than thousands of years, bitter orange has been used in the world of Complementary medicine for treating digestive problems like flatulence, dyspepsia, constipation, sluggish digestion, loss of appetite, intestinal gas, nausea and indigestion.

Gently massaging your stomach with 2 drops of bitter orange oil blended with sesame oil can help you enhance the entire process of digestion. You can also add 2 drops of this oil to your bath tub to help with digestive disorders.

3. Assists in weight-loss:

Weight loss supplements with bitter orange formula are the most popular and the recent use of bitter oranges in the therapeutic world. Numerous researches have proved the effectiveness of bitter orange supplements in treating obesity.

“At present, Citrus aurantium may be the best thermogenic substitute for Ephedra” reveals the Georgetown University Medical Center study on ‘Citrus aurantium as a thermogenic, weight-reduction replacement for Ephedra’.

A recent research on ‘The safety of Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) and its primary protoalkaloid p-synephrine’ states “The data indicate that based on current knowledge, the use of bitter orange extract and p-synephrine appears to be exceedingly safe with no serious adverse effects being directly attributable to these ingredients”.

It also notes that bitter orange extract and its principal protoalkaloidal constituent p-synephrine are extensively used in weight management, weight loss and products promoting sports performance.

A 2006 study on ‘Citrus aurantium and synephrine alkaloids in the treatment of overweight and obesity’ by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, MD, USA states that there are certain promising evidences that Citrus aurantium containing several compounds including synephrine alkaloids is a safe alternative to Ephedra, which is a weight-loss supplement banned in US for its adverse health effects.

To boost your metabolism and lessen energy absorption, you can massage your body with 2 to 3 drops of bitter orange oil blended with coconut oil or add 3 drops of this oil to your bath tub.

4. Alleviates stress and reduces anxiety:

Bitter orange oil has a much similar aroma to that of fresh tangy oranges. Inhaling the energizing and enlivening fragrance of this oil especially during the early hours of the day promises a serene atmosphere and instills complete calmness in your mind.

This is why Ayurvedic healing suggests the use of bitter orange oil during your meditation practice. Add 1 drop of bitter orange oil to your diffuser or air freshener and start your deep meditation after which you will feel a never before freshness and increase in your confidence level.

The Aromatherapy expert, Dr. Vivian Lunny recommends an invigorating bath blend with 2 drops of bitter orange oil, 1 drop of neroli oil and 2 drops of petitgrain oil for reducing anxiety, lethargy and tiredness.

When added to your warm bathing water especially after a tiring and stressful day, this blend is said to give a new lease of life, augment stress relief, promote relaxation and stimulate positive feelings. You can also add 1 drop of bitter orange oil to your handkerchief or to your pulse points to renew yourself throughout the day.

Other benefits:

Bitter orange essential oil is also used in treating chronic fatigue syndrome, intestinal ulcers, lowering blood sugar level in diabetic patients, sleep disorders, joint pain, muscular aches, bruises, cold and certain other liver and gall bladder problems.

It is also used in making soaps, cleaning products, disinfectants, cosmetics, perfumes, pharmaceuticals, eau de colognes and certain other household cleaners. Bitter orange oil is also used as a commercial flavoring agent in foods and beverages in many countries.

Disclaimer:

Pure and organic essential oils are highly concentrated liquids so always use it after diluting in suitable carrier oils. Never use essential oils internally. Citrus oils in general have a photo-toxic effect so avoid going out in the sun immediately after using it on your skin.

Pregnant women, nursing mothers, children and people suffering from hypertension and glaucoma should avoid using bitter orange oil. Always consult your Ayurvedic practitioner before choosing the right essential oils for your unique individual constitution.

Bitter Orange Essential Oil – Possible Skin Issues:

bitter-orange-new

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Bitter orange oil exhibits mild photosensitivity effects if the oil is oxidized, which might cause irritation and hyper-pigmentation of the skin and this happens when visible sunlight gets in touch with the skin for up to 12 hours of usage. The major cause being the response of the chemical components that are photoactive in nature attracts light and ends up in toxicity via molecular alterations.

The safe dermal use level of Bitter orange oil by the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) is 1.25%, specifically to thwart phototoxicity in the products used for topical application and not for soaps, shampoos and other bath preparations. This No-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) is based on various studies with Bitter orange oil on mice and swine, where the No-observed-effects-level (NOEL) was proved as 6.25%.

Besides, Bitter orange oil is Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). “There are no contraindications but that photosensitization may occur in fair-skinned individuals”, quotes The German Commission E monograph for Bitter orange peel.

The major chemical constituent responsible for the skin sensitization and mild irritation of Bitter orange oil is Limonene, which accounts to about 90% of this oil and certain other furanocoumarins.

According to European regulations, essential oils with furanocoumarins should be used in such a way that the overall level of bergapten does not surpass 15 ppm (parts per million) in ready-to-use cosmetic products meant for use on the skin surface that are exposed to sunlight (other than wash-away products) and 1 ppm in sunscreen and bronzing items.

Use Bitter orange oil only for external use and ingestion of this oil should be avoided strictly, as internal use of this oil has adverse effects according to various reports. Medical research studies state that the presence of stimulants like octopamine, amines synephrine (an alkaloid with almost the related chemical structure to ephedrine in Ephedra – Ma-Huang) and N-methyltyramine are responsible for the cardiovascular toxicity of Bitter orange and this is also reported to cause increase in blood pressure and vasoconstriction.

It is recommended to avoid the use of Bitter orange in patients with tachyarrhythmia, hypertension and narrow-angle glaucoma, mainly due its potent to cause additive effects. Overdose of synephrine in children overdose ended up in tachycardia, nausea, quick increase in blood pressure and irritation. Certain researches witness the effect of Bitter orange in restraining human cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) in the test tube studies.

Just like Grapefruit, Bitter orange is said to hold back a vital enzyme in the small intestine, and this may possibly have an effect on the levels of blood, when taking certain medications like antiviral, anti-anxiety, antidepressant drugs, statins and calcium channel blockers and along with the intake of caffeine.

Care should be taken if Bitter orange oil is used in massage in the abdominal area, as essential oils penetrate quickly through the skin, reach the bloodstream and may cause adverse effects. It is not recommended to take Bitter orange products when using other prescribed medications, except under strict medical supervision.

Furocoumarins are also used in various remedies on par with the long-wave ultraviolet light therapy for the healing of mycosis fungoides, vitiligo and psoriasis.

Reference Links Substantiating Possible Skin Issues of Bitter Orange Oil:

  1. Bitter Orange by University of Michigan Health System
  2. Bitter Orange, Sour News by University of California, Berkeley Wellness
  3. Bitter Orange Peel and Synephrine by American Botanical Council
  4. Bitter Orange, American Herbal Products Association’s Botanical Safety Handbook, Second Edition by Zoe Gardner, Michael McGuffin
  5. Bitter Orange by Drugs.com
  6. Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals By Robert Tisserand, Rodney Young

Thought for the day:

The trees that are slow to grow bear the best fruit. -Moliere

Suggested Reading:

  1. Citrus Essential Oils: Flavor and Fragrance from Wiley
  2. Citrus Oils: Composition, Advanced Analytical Techniques, Contaminants, and Biological Activity (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants – Industrial Profiles) from CRC Press
  3. Aromatherapy Workbook: A Complete Guide to Understanding and Using Essential Oils by Shirley Price
  4. Ayurveda & Aromatherapy: The Earth Essential Guide to Ancient Wisdom and Modern Healing by Dr. Light Miller, Dr. Bryan Miller

Reference Link:

  1. Bitter orange by Wikipedia
  2. Citrus aurantium and synephrine alkaloids in the treatment of overweight and obesity by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, MD, USA published in PubMed
  3. Bitter Orange by Drugs.com
  4. The safety of Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) and its primary protoalkaloid p-synephrine by Creighton University Medical Center, NE, USA published in PubMed


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