Babchi Oil


babchi-bannerBabchi is honored as ‘Kustanashini’ in Ayurveda, meaning ‘leprosy destroyer’. As the most trusted Ayurvedic herb for blood purification and skin health, Babchi enjoys the sovereignty as a celebrated natural remedy in Ayurveda, Siddha and Homeopathic medicine for treating leucoderma, genital health, bone disorders, leprosy, psoriasis, lumbago, impotence, intestinal worms, lower backaches, psoriasis and vitiligo.

Babchi is a commercial Hindi name for Psoralea corylifolia and the Sanskrit name is Bakuchi. It is a part of the Fabaceae plant family. The essential oil of Babchi is extracted from its seeds by steam distillation method.

It is used as a cardiac tonic, pigmentor and vasodilator in Ayurveda for more than 4,000 years. The fruits and seeds of this plant have been talked about in Sushruta Samhita, the most renowned Ayurvedic encyclopedia by Acharya Sushruta for treating various health conditions including leucoderma, leprosy, stress, vitiligo and reproductive problems.

Historical uses and importance of Babchi and its essential oil:

With a longer historical use in various traditions across the world, Babchi or Psoralea corylifolia is gaining popularity even in the manufacturing of modern medications for its promising historical use, improved patient tolerance, varied health benefits and comparatively lower side effects.

Held high as the key herb in China and Japan, Psoralea is known as Bu gu zhi in Traditional Chinese Medicine and it simply means “tonify bone resin”. The Japanese and Chinese herbalists recommend the use of this herb for improving bone calcification, augmenting the bone strength and for treating vitiligo, hair loss, osteoporosis, lower back pain, impotence, bed wetting and bone fractures.

Babchi was prescribed in the TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) for tonifying the kidneys, especially kidney yang and essence. Indigenous to India, the land of rich traditional values, Babchi is a vine-like plant that grows up to 3 feet height. It is also found growing in China and other Asian countries. This medicated plant bears purple or blue colored flowers followed by black color fruits that contain a single seed.

Almost all the parts of this plant have therapeutic values but the essential oil is extracted from the seeds of this plant. The leaves of this plant has been used for treating diarrhea, the bitter fruits are recommended for treating piles, anemia, bronchitis, vomiting and dark complexion, whereas the roots are prescribed for relieving tooth decay and osteoporosis.

Babchi seeds are the powerhouse of its remedial properties and the source of its essential oil. The seeds, its essential oil and other extracts are used in various holistic healing methodologies since the ancient period in the treatment of leprosy, cardiovascular problems, leucoderma, liver inflammation, jaundice, uterine hemorrhage, premature ejaculation, asthma, alopecia areata, menstrual discomforts, skin pigmentation problems and various other health conditions.

Therapeutic properties and chemical constituents of Babchi oil:

The major chemical constituents of Babchi oil are psoralen, bakuchiol, limonene, linalool, angelicin, α-elemene, isopsoralen, bavachalcone, bavachin, 6-prenylnaringenin, corylifol, isobavachalcone, corylin, psoralidin, corylifolin, methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, bavachromanol and neobavaisoflavone.

These components contribute to its healing values like antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-tumor, antidepressant, aphrodisiac, stimulant, diaphoretic, stomachic, antiviral, anti-hyperglycemic, astringent, cytotoxic, diuretic, cardiac, tonic, anthelmintic, deobstruent and laxative.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Babchi essential oil:

This medicated plant is a traditional Ayurvedic remedy for addressing extensive range of illnesses including skin disorders and reproductive problems. With Bakuchi and other Sanskrit names, Babchi oil has a bundle of other regional names to it.

Being the oldest of all medical systems in the world, Ayurveda insists on living a disciplined life for absolute health and longevity. Unlike the modern medicinal practices, Ayurveda defines health as a combination of physical, emotional, psychological, spiritual and environmental aspects.

Charaka Samhita states this as, The three – body, psyche, and soul – act as a tripod. The world stands upon them, and within them, the world abides.” The uniqueness of Ayurveda stays in its holistic system that treats the root cause of an illness instead of the symptoms alone. This helps in curing the disease as well as preventing it in the future as well.

According to Ayurveda, all things on earth are a part of nature and Mother Nature has all the remedies for humanity and other beings on earth. It further states that sickness occur when there is imbalance between an individual and nature. With this strong trust, Ayurvedic healing revolves around Nature and its natural remedies for treating mankind.

Ayurveda is also called as the Mother of all other healing sciences on earth including Siddha, Unani, Homeopathy, Chiropractic, Allopathy, Acupressure, Naturopathy, the Traditional Chinese Medicine and many other systems.

The beauty of Ayurveda is that its healing methodologies are documented well and the first Ayurvedic reference is in Atharvaveda, one among the 4 sacred books of the ancient Indian mythology with 114 verses explaining numerous health conditions and the respective traditional remedies of Ayurveda.

The 3 Ayurvedic encyclopedias including Charaka Samhita by Acharya Charaka – the father of medicine, Sushruta Samhita by Acharya Sushruta – the father of surgery and Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita added glory to the world of Ayurveda.

These priceless Ayurvedic texts have shared various thoughts on all the basic principles of Ayurveda, numerous types of illnesses and its comprehensive healing techniques. These books contain Ayurvedic remedies for innumerable diseases including cancer.

Ayurveda never trusts on the principle of “one size fits all”. It strongly says that every individual is a unique part of nature and the remedy for their illnesses should also be unique based upon their unique individual constitution.

Prakriti or the unique individual constitution is a combination of three biological energies called as doshas or Ayurvedic body types. They are vata, pitta and kapha. These Ayurvedic body types are an arrangement of the five elements of nature namely earth, fire, space, water and air.

According to this principle, every human being has a dominance of any one of these doshas, which decides the physique, behavioral patterns, traits, personality and mental structure. Perfect balance between these doshic types signifies health and imbalance between these doshas lead to sickness.

Ayurvedic philosophy recommends natural remedies like herbs, plant essential oils, meditation, simple physical exercises, yoga, Ayurvedic routine, Pranayama, prayers and other Ayurvedic techniques including Abhyanga or the art of Ayurvedic massaging using Ayurvedic oils, Panchakarma or the detoxification therapy and many other holistic treatments.

Babchi essential oil is prescribed in Ayurvedic healing for enhancing pitta dosha and balancing kapha and vata dosha.

Let’s look at the Ayurvedic health benefits of Babchi oil and its use in the healing of various health problems:

babchi-broucher1. Fights skin diseases and supports skin health:

Babchi seeds and its oil are called as Kushtaghni in Ayurveda, which means remedy for treating skin diseases. It is also called as Kustanashini, meaning leprosy demolisher. Since the primordial times, Ayurveda prescribes Babchi herb and its various extracts in the treatment of skin problems including eczema, dermatitis, skin eruptions, boils, leucoderma, scabies, vitiligo and ringworm.

Celebrated as a promising ancient remedy for vitiligo or leucoderma, Babchi oil has been used even in the modern medicine for treating such skin conditions. Vitiligo is an upsetting skin condition, which occurs due to the loss of melanin pigments or the death of melanocytes cells in skin, leading to white patches. Often, this skin condition is said to occur due to problems in the immune system.

The white patches appear smaller in the beginning and have the tendency to enlarge or increase in size. These patches are often seen on the hands, face, wrist, eyes, umbilicus and genitalia. Vitiligo patients also undergo depression due to the ugly look of these patches on their visible skin.

Numerous researches state that the presence of furanocoumarins, containing psoralens in Babchi oil promote pigmentation and support the stimulation of melanin pigments in the skin structure. Scientific studies have also proven that psoralen in Babchi oil shores up residual pigmentation and improves skin health.

A 2008 study on “Antipsoriatic microemulsion gel formulations for topical drug delivery of Babchi oil (Psoralea corylifolia)” published in PubMed states that Babchi oil contains a chief constituent psoralen, which is a “photoactive furocoumarin that binds to DNA when exposed to UV light to form photoproducts with pyrimidine base.” It further states “this action inhibits DNA synthesis and causes decrease in cell proliferation.” It is concluded that Babchi oil is helpful in the treatment of psoriasis by topical usage.

Many Ayurvedic physicians state that Bakuchi is predominantly the only oil that is known for its dual action on both melanoblastic cells and the Rouget’s cells in the human skin, whereas leucoderma occurs due to the improper functioning of the melanoblastic cells. These cells are stimulated by the oil and sebum secretion in the skin and leads to the formation of pigment, which later diffuse into discolored skin surface.

Mix 2 drops of Babchi oil with 1 drop of Lavender oil, 1 drop of Orange oil and 1 drop of Frankincense oil along with 2.5 ml of Jojoba oil and applying it on the affected parts helps in  treating itching, ringworm, scabies, skin eruptions, edematous skin conditions, vitiligo, inflamed skin nodules, eczema, red papules, discolored dermatosis and much more.

This blend works by promoting blood circulation, purifying the blood, supporting the production of melanin pigments and thus improving the color of hair, skin and nails naturally. It is for these reasons Babchi oil is called in Ayurveda as Tvachya, means beneficial for skin and Keshya, means enhances the luster and health of hair.

2. Strengthens bones and teeth:

Bones and muscles are a representation of the element ‘Earth’ among the five fundamental elements of nature. Babchi essential oil is known to pacify excess of kapha dosha, which is a combination of water and earth elements. This aids in strengthening the bones by improving bone calcification.

Babchi oil is a rich source of calcium and massaging your system with 5 drops of Babchi oil, 2 drops of Black Cumin oil, 2 drops of Birch oil along with 10ml of sesame oil can assist in strengthening your bones, enhance calcium in the system, help recover from dislocation of bones or fractures and boost women’s health in case of osteoporosis.

The essential oil of Babchi also has antibacterial, astringent, antiseptic and antimicrobial properties that aid in the treatment of plaque, weak gums, halitosis or bad breath, bleeding gums and other oral conditions.

A cup of warm water with 1 drop of Babchi oil and 1 drop of Clove oil can work like a magic on your teeth, gums and mouth, when used as a gargle in the morning and night. This aids in strengthening your gums and teeth.

3. Excellent aid for respiratory problems:

With its power to balance excess of kapha dosha, which is responsible for accumulation of phlegm and mucus deposits in the lungs and respiratory passages, Bakuchi and its essential oil is quoted as Shleshmahara, Jwarahara and Shwasahara.

Shleshmahara is an Ayurvedic aid that pacifies imbalanced kapha and Shwasahara means an effective remedy for treating asthma, dyspnoea, bronchitis and other severe respiratory disorders. Bakuchi oil is also powerful in reducing chronic fever for which it is called as Jwarahara.

2 drops of Bakuchi oil along with 1 drop of Peppermint oil added to steam inhalation can aid in relieving nasal congestion, bronchitis, cold, whooping cough, headache, sinusitis, asthma and breathing difficulties. Massaging your throat, chest and back with 1 drop of Babchi oil added with your vaporizing ointment can help in improving your health condition in case of respiratory problems.

Adding 2 drops of Babchi oil to warm bathing water can assist in keeping away from infectious micro-organisms that worsen respiratory infections. Gently massaging your foot soles with 2 drops of Babchi oil mixed with 1 drop of Cajeput oil and 1 drop of Basil oil along with 2 ml of coconut oil can help in reducing the temperature even in case of high fever.

4. Supports reproductive health:

Babchi oil has natural aphrodisiac properties that help in supporting reproductive problems both in men and women. Ayurveda and the Traditional Chinese Medicine recommend Babchi and its essential oil as an excellent tonic for the entire system and were trusted to enhance vitality and absolute health in general.

For these special reasons, Babchi oil was prescribed for treating problems of the reproductive system including the genital organs in both the genders. The powder of the Babchi fruits and seeds along with its essential oil were prescribed in Ayurveda for treating incontinence, impotence, premature ejaculation, frigidity and lack of sexual interest.

Massaging your lower back, lower abdomen and genital organs externally with 2 drops of Babchi oil, 2 drops of Ylang Ylang oil and 2 drops of Cinnamon oil blended with 3 ml of Jojoba oil can help in enhancing your mood, relaxing your nerves, uplifting your senses, augmenting your libido and sexual feelings, stimulating the reproductive organs and support in having a great time together with your partner.

You can also add 2 drops of Babchi oil with 1 drop of Rose oil and 1 drop of Sandalwood oil in warm bathing water before going to bed for elevating your mood.

5. Helps in the treatment of cancer:

Numerous research studies support the effectiveness of Babchi oil in treating various types of cancers including lung cancer. Studies report that the presence of chemical components like corylfolinin, psoralen and bavachinin arrest or slower down the quicker growth of lung cancer cells and osteosarcoma.

A 2013 study on “Compounds isolated from Psoralea corylifolia seeds inhibit protein kinase activity and induce apoptotic cell death in mammalian cells published in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology” states that certain compounds extracted from P. corylifolia exhibited a high potential to treat oxidative stress, apoptosis or programmed cell deaths and other cellular damage in cancer patients with its immune stimulant and chemoprotective effects.

Other health benefits:

Babchi and its essential oil is also helpful in the treatment of inflamed nodules, diabetes, urinary tract disorders, kidney problems, cardiac problems, bleeding disorders, worm infestation, constipation, anemia and inflammation.

Disclaimer:

This article is meant only for the purpose of information and is not intended for diagnosis, treatment or prevention of any medical condition. Do not use this as a substitute for prescribed medicines or any professional medical advice. We are not healthcare experts and this information is shared only with the view of enlightening the long-established prosperity of Ayurveda, the oldest healing sciences in this universe.

Never use essential oils internally and ensure that you use them in a diluted form for dermatological uses only.  This is mainly because organic and pure essential oils are highly concentrated substances and may cause allergic reactions if used on the skin directly. Consult with your Ayurvedic practitioner or medical expert before choosing the right essential oils for your unique individual constitution or prakriti and your health condition.

Do not go out in sun immediately after the use of Babchi oil on skin as direct exposure to the sun might cause allergies and keep away this oil from your eyes and children.

Thought for the day:

Mother Nature made me the way I am, and I should be happy. -Karolina Kurkova

Suggested Reading:

  1. My Victory against Vitiligo: A Successful Story and a Practical Guide to Treatment by Xichao Mo
  2. Aphrodite: Stimulate Sex Life, Libido, Erection and Orgasm Naturally with Aphrodisiacs by Mr. Stig Fröberg
  3. Ayurvedic Medicine: The Principles of Traditional Practice, 1e by Sebastian Pole LicOHM AyurHC
  4. Anti-Aging, Memory and Sleep Improving Herbs and Foods by Mr Stig Fröberg
  5. Increase Endurance, Strength, Hormones and Sex with Adaptogenic Herbs and Foods by Mr. Stig Fröberg

Reference Links:

  1. Psoralea corylifolia by Wikipedia
  2. Antipsoriatic microemulsion gel formulations for topical drug delivery of Babchi oil (Psoralea corylifolia) by Ali J, Akhtar N, Sultana Y, Baboota S, Ahuja A, published in PubMed
  3. Psoralea corylifolia Linn.—“Kushtanashini” by P. S. Khushboo, V. M. Jadhav and N. S. Sathe, Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Pharmacy and Y. M. T. Ayurvedic Medical College, India published in PubMed
  4. Compounds isolated from Psoralea corylifolia seeds inhibit protein kinase activity and induce apoptotic cell death in mammalian cells published in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Ajowan Oil


Ajowan is a spicy little wonder that has colossal healing values and has been recognized as a ‘hub of remedies’ by the most commendable medical geniuses of the world like Acharya Charaka, Dioscorides, Galen, Sushruta and Avicenna.

Ajowan-bannerHave you ever chewed the fresh peppery Ajowan leaves? If not, I would strongly recommend you to do that when you come across such an amazing opportunity. Yes! I’ve tasted those zesty leaves and the instant newness and direct energy that it transfers to your soul and your system is simply out of the world!!!

Highly acclaimed as one among the best digestive aid for its excellent carminative properties, Ajowan or Ajwain has been a part of the Indian traditional regimen and is also used as a popular spice. Botanically termed as Trachyspermum Ammi or Trachyspermum copticum, Ajwain resembles cumin, fennel, caraway and smells like thyme.

Called as Yamani or Dipyaka in Sanskrit, Ajwain and its essential oil have been used in Ayurvedic medicine for treating digestive disorders, gastro-intestinal problems, bronchitis, pharyngitis, asthmatic attacks, impotency, rheumatic pain, migraine, amenorrhea, ulcer and chronic cough. It has also been employed as a powerful respiratory stimulant and tonic for the heart and kidneys.

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Historical significance and uses of Ajowan and its essential oil:

Ajowan is an herb of absolute marvel since the pre-historic period in various traditional provinces of the world like the Indian traditional medicine, including Ayurveda, the Greek traditional medicine and the Persian traditional medicine, including Unani.

The brownish gray fruit pods or seeds of this plant are regarded for nutritional and medical uses. Ajowan is found growing extensively in India, Iran, Pakistan, Egypt, Afghanistan and few other Mediterranean countries.

Ajowan is often the most cherished herb in the Ayurvedic medication for its positive effect on the digestive system, respiratory tract, plasma, nervous system and the bone marrows.

Known as ‘Ajwain Ark’ in Ayurveda, Ajowan or Omam water, the medicated tonic extracted from these seeds is often an instant remedy for addressing diarrhea, colic, indigestion, atonic dyspepsia, cholera, indigestion and flatulence. Due to its mild and proven effectiveness, this medicated water is recommended for everyone including babies and aged people.

Even today, Ajowan oil and other remedial extracts of these little seeds are used in many parts of India, Pakistan, Iran and many other medieval provinces for treating earaches, stomach problems, difficulties in digestion, menstrual disorders, breathing problems and urinary infections.

The oil of Ajowan is an important source of thymol, the most powerful therapeutic ingredient known for its antiseptic, antimicrobial, anesthetic and pain-relieving qualities. It is for this property, Ajowan seeds were exported in large quantities to USA, Germany and many other European countries before the World War I and during the World War II.

Chewing Ajowan seeds with betel leaves have been suggested in the traditional and folklore medicine for treating dry cough, dyspepsia and flatulence. Mixed with hot water, these seeds are effective in treating chest pain, nasal congestion, bronchitis, whooping cough, cold, sore throat, pharyngitis and asthma.

Mixed with butter milk, Ajowan is acclaimed as the best digestive aid for stomach upset and indigestion. Few Ajowan seeds with honey for a week have been recommended for alleviating pain and urinary infections associated with kidney stones.

The Traditional Persian Medicine has used Ajwain seeds since the pre-historic period as an aid for curing earaches, paralysis, liver spleen, abdominal cramps, renal calculi, pleurisy, leucoderma, chronic fever, cough, neurological disorders, nausea and reflux. It was also used as an aphrodisiac, antidote for numerous toxic agents along with various pharmacological uses.

Ajowan seeds are also used for culinary purposes, especially for its enhanced effect on promoting quicker digestion.

Therapeutic properties and chemical components of Ajowan oil:

As mentioned earlier, Ajowan is a hub of various nutrients and its resulting remedial values. These seeds contain iron, calcium, thiamine, niacin, carotene, riboflavin, phosphorus and fiber.

Ajowan essential oil extracted from these seeds through steam distillation process possess about 50% of thymol along with dipentene, carvacrol, p-cymene, a-terpinene, limonene, a-pinene, styrene, b-phyllanderene, carvone and dillapiole.

The promising therapeutic attributes of Ajowan oil are carminative, anti-bacterial, diuretic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, nematicidal, antiviral, germicidal, anti-hypertensive, anesthetic, antiseptic, anti-ulcer, stimulant, aphrodisiac, bronchodilatory, antitussive, hepatoprotective, antispasmodic, expectorant, anti-platelet, antihyperlipidemic, antifungal, analgesic, insecticidal, anthelmintic, antioxidant, spermicidal and estrogenic.

Ayurvedic health benefits of Ajowan essential oil:

Ayurveda is the most popular and the most thriving talk of the town, especially in the Western world. This world means “the knowledge or science of life”.

The initial traces of Ayurvedic science is said to have its existence for more than 5,000 years and has been an influencing medical system for all other healing sciences on the globe including the Traditional Chinese Medicine, Unani medicine, Homeopathy, Chiropractic, Acupressure, Siddha and the medicinal writings by Hippocrates, Avicenna and many more.

Ayurveda is a part of Atharvaveda, one among the 4 Vedic or sacred books of the Indian tradition. It was further illuminated with the writings of the ancient Ayurvedic physicians, Acharya Charaka and Acharya Sushruta, namely Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Hridaya.

These Ayurvedic encyclopedias throw light on the management and the therapeutic information of a vast pool of health conditions, where the most complex caesarean delivery and plastic surgery methods were talked about before thousands of years, sans the existence of modern medical equipments or clinical methodologies.

Celebrated as the most comprehensive healing system in the world, Ayurveda simply states that illness is the symbol that the body is not in harmony with nature. Disharmony with the natural environment ends up in diseases. Ayurvedic system of healing focuses on re-establishing the self’s harmony with that of the environment, where the root causes of the diseases are diagnosed and it is prevented in the future as well.

Every individual and every disease is regarded as a unique entity in Ayurveda as it is a common-sense science that follows the principle that no two persons or no two diseases are the same. As no illness affects two people in the same way, Ayurveda believes that no two remedies are exactly alike. So every individual and every disease in an individual is treated in a unique manner.

Ayurvedic healing attempts to understand the nature of a person, the nature of the disease and the nature of the medication. This philosophy states that everything in this world including human beings are made up of five elements namely space, earth, water, air and fire.

Every individual has a unique individual constitution known as prakriti and is determined during the conception of the child itself. It is a combination of 3 biological energies or doshas namely vata (space and air), pitta (fire and water) and kapha (water and earth). These doshas are a representation of the five elements.

Every person has a predominance of any one of these doshas and it acts as the determining factor for an individual’s personality, character and behavioral traits.

Absolute balance between these doshas indicates health and heartiness. Doshic imbalances and inequalities within the body due to various factors like the lifestyle of a person, changes in habits, environment, food, climatic conditions and indulgent activities are thoroughly learned before prescribing medications.

Ayurvedic therapies include the prescription of herbs, Ayurvedic essential oils, yoga, simple physical exercises, meditation, Ayurvedic routine, Panchakarma or the detoxifying technique, Abhyanga or Ayurvedic massaging, prayers and certain other lifestyle changes.

Ajwain is an excellent Ayurvedic remedy for pacifying kapha and vata doshas and augments pitta dosha. ‘Ajwain ka phool’ is a famous Ayurvedic remedy in India where the crystallized Thymol is said to heal numerous illnesses.

The key Ayurvedic health benefits of Ajowan essential oil are:

Ajowan-Banner-psd1. Potent cleanser and a promising digestive aid:

Ajowan is a time-tested natural remedy for treating digestive problems ranging from flatulence to intestinal parasites. The essential oil of Ajowan has proven anthelmintic and nematicidal properties that help in curtailing the growth of intestinal parasites and other harmful pathogens that affect the normal functioning of the digestive system.

A 2012 study on “Trachyspermum ammi” by Ranjan Bairwa, R. S. Sodha, and B. S. Rajawat School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, published in PubMed, NCBI has witnessed that the “Anthelmintic activity of T. ammi shows its effect against specific helminths, e.g. Ascaris lumbricoides in humans and possess cholinergic activity with peristaltic movements of the gut, thus helping in expulsion of intestinal parasites.”

It further reports that the presence of thymol and carvacrol constituents in Ajowan essential oil is responsible for its nematicidal activity, thus proving its effectiveness against PWN bodies (Pinewood Nematode bodies that mainly cause problems like Pine Wilt disease).

Ajowan essential oil also has fungicide, microbial and germicide properties that make its use inevitable in the healing of ailments like intestinal dysbiosis. The most advantageous fact is that it curtails the growth of harmful pathogens without disturbing the helpful flora in the digestive system.

The digestive stimulant, carminative, anti-ulcer, anthelmintic, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, anti-flatulent, detoxification and gastro-protective properties of Ajowan oil add true colors to its digestive benefits.

Abhyanga or the ability of maneuvering the human body through massaging in an Ayurvedic manner is one among the best ways to use essential oils for therapeutic purposes. This is due to the known fact that skin is the largest organ of the human system and any kind of medication applied to the skin easily penetrates and reaches the blood stream, where the remedial process is transmitted in a jiffy.

Massaging your abdomen with 2 drops of Ajowan oil along with 2 drops of Dill seed oil in a blend of 2 ml of Sesame oil can help in cleansing the microbes in the stomach and intestines, stimulate digestion, relieve flatulence and gas pain, eliminate toxic remains and alleviate distention and ulcer pain.

Inhaling the spicy aroma of this strong herbal oil by adding 1 drop to your hankie or added to your diffuser can enhance your appetite, help reduce nausea and stimulate the secretion of gastric acids, bile and other digestive juices. You can also add 2 drops of Ajwain oil in warm bathing water for enhancing the bowel movements and for soothing the digestive system.

2. Trusted remedy for cholera and diarrhea:

Ajowan has gentle effects on the stomach lining and the intestinal walls, for which it has been recommended since the pre-historic period even for tender babies to relieve colic, stomach pain, diarrhea and vomiting.

Ajowan water is the first thing that comes to rescue in almost all the traditional Indian families for dysentery, diarrhea and colic pain as it immediately arrests the sickening loose stools.

The antimicrobial, antifungal, soothing, stimulant, anti-colic and antifilarial effects of this wonder herb aids in soothing the intestines, regularizing the bowel movements, lessening pain and killing the harmful microbes and other foreign bodies responsible for such digestive mayhems.

Gently massage your tummy with 2 drops of Ajowan oil with and 2 drops of Caraway oil along with 2 ml of coconut oil for relieving from chronic colic, diarrhea, nausea, intestinal infections, pain, dysentery and the early stages of cholera. 1 to 2 drops of Ajowan oil added to warm or cold compress can also support the healing process.

3. Relieves asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory conditions:

As a highly rich source of macro as well as micro-nutrients, Ajowan essential oil supports the body in withstanding the attack of seasonal health problems like flu, cough, cold and fever.

Ajowan has expectorant property that aids in relieving cough and cold while supporting in the elimination of mucus and phlegm deposits in the lungs and the respiratory passages. This assists in treating asthma, bronchitis, chronic cold, whooping cough and many such respiratory conditions.

A 2013 study on “An Overview of Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) Pharmacological effects; Modern and Traditional by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran published in the Journal of Natural Remedies”, states that Ajowan seeds possess antitussive and bronchodilatory effects.

The results of various studies in this regards prove that “Ajwain seeds revealed significant reduction of cough number which may be a result of its potent antitussive effect” and “the relaxant and bronchodilatory effect of essential oil fractions may be due to the amount of Carvacrol and it has a relatively bronchodilatory effect on asthmatic airways compared to the effect of Theophylline concentrations used”.

Adding 2 drops of Ajowan oil in steam inhalation can help you sweat out all your toxic remains in the body along with the microbes worsening your respiratory problems. It does this so spontaneously with its enormous diaphoretic values that increases perspiration and promotes the discarding of toxins through the skin.

Massaging your foot soles with 2 drops of Ajowan oil mixed with 1 drop of Black Cumin Seed oil and 1.5 ml coconut oil can work like a magic in reducing your fever with its antiseptic, febrifuge and immune-enhancing properties.

Mixing 1 drop of Ajowan oil in a cup of warm water and gargling with this medicated water has been proven effective in relieving toothache, hoarseness of voice, sore throat, pharyngitis along with infectious and congested throat.

Gently massaging your forehead, throat, chest and back with 2 drops of Ajowan oil blended with 1 drop of Clove oil and 1 drop of Thyme oil and 2 ml of Sweet Almond oil can help in relieving the symptoms of cold including runny or stuffed nose, itchy and watery eyes, headache, chest or nasal congestion, fatigue and breathing difficulties.

This also aids in promoting good sleep as the therapeutic agent, Thymol present in Ajowan oil works like an anesthetic agent that fights against bacteria, virus and fungal infections and enhances the body’s relaxing mechanism.

4. Dissolves kidney stones and treats urinary infections:

Ajowan is simply an excellent Ayurvedic essential oil for relieving pain and other discomforts of kidney stones and infections caused in the urinary system.

Ajowan has enormous cleansing values with its diuretic and lithotriptic properties. Adding 2 drops of Ajowan oil in warm bathing water along with massaging your lower abdomen and back with 4 drops of Ajowan oil mixed with 2 drops of Cumin oil and 5 ml of sesame oil increases the frequency and quantity of urination through which the toxic remains, salt, fat, uric acid and other harmful substances causing urinary infections and renal calculi are eliminated.

This also helps in influencing the normal functions of the urinary bladder and kidneys, which support in dissolving the formation of calculi or stones in the kidneys and gall bladder. Half teaspoon of powdered Ajwain seeds along with 1 teaspoon of pure honey taken in empty stomach every morning for two weeks regularly is a folklore remedy for treating urinary problems and renal calculi.

5. Alleviates rheumatic pain and inflammatory conditions:

According to Ayurveda, rheumatism is often a vitiation of kapha dosha. It ends up in amassing of excess water in the system glued with toxic remains, salt, fat deposits, uric acid and free radicals, especially in the joints. As a strong and warm essential oil, Ajowan has kapha reducing attributes that helps in draining out the excess deposits of water along with its detrimental remains through sweat and urination.

Free radicals are generally caused by the oxidation of bio molecules including carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and nucleic acid. These free radicals trigger chain reactions within the cellular structure and are often the reason behind cellular damage, leading to chronic health conditions like rheumatism and cancer. Antioxidants protect the cells from damage by fighting against these free radicals.

A 2013 research on “Evaluation of antioxidant activity of essential oil from Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) seeds by the Department of Biotechnology, The IIS University, SFS, India, published in the International Journal of Green Pharmacy substantiates “the essential oil of Ajwain could contribute as a highly significant bio resource of antioxidants to be used in our day-to-day life in food and pharmaceutical industry”.

With its diuretic properties, Ajowan oil enhances the quality and quantity of urination through which the accumulated water deposits in the joints and muscles are discarded. Massaging the affected parts with 5 drops of Ajowan oil along with 2 drops of Thyme oil, 3 drops of Fennel oil and 5 ml of Evening primrose oil can aid in relieving pain with its enormous analgesic properties and combat against the toxic remains in the system, thus helping in the treatment of arthritis and rheumatic conditions.

6. Normalizes the heart functions:

Ajowan as a herb is a powerful heart tonic and a proven pain killer. Grandmother’s traditional remedy for heartache and certain other heart problems includes Ajowan seeds, where 1 teaspoon of these stimulant seeds are recommended for use along with hot water for relieving heart pain and for promoting the normal functions of the heart.

Ajowan is said to contain thymol compound and vitamin niacin, both of which are known to regularize the functioning of the heart, called as the center of the human functions. Massaging your chest area with 2 drops of Ajowan oil blended with 1 ml of coconut oil can promote health blood circulation in the heart by enhancing the functions of the nerve impulses.

7. Supports the reproductive system:

Ajowan seeds and its essential oil are known for its excellent health benefits for both the male and female reproductive system. With its established aphrodisiac properties, Ajowan oil is known for enhancing virility and the secretion of estrogen and progesterone hormones.

It was used as a cleansing Ayurvedic remedy for rinsing out the uterus during the post-delivery period. Massaging your lower abdomen, thighs and around your genital area with 2 drops of Ajowan oil mixed with 2 ml of Jojoba oil can stimulate the secretion of reproductive hormones in both men and women and promotes blood circulation in the reproductive system.

This can aid in treating premature ejaculation, impotence, loss of sexual interest, lower count and quality of sperm in men. This is also said to treat female reproductive problems like menstrual menaces including painful periods, excessive bleeding, female infertility, blocked or irregular menstruation and menopausal problems. It was also used as a galactogogue for promoting the secretion of milk in nursing mothers.

Adding 2 drops of Ajowan oil to your bathing tub or to your diffuser, especially during the night time relieves fatigue, mood fluctuations and sleeping difficulties. Isn’t it a great idea to fuel up your monotonous life? Yes it is!!!

Other health benefits:

Apart from these major remedial uses, Ajowan and its essential oil are recommended in traditional medication for treating inflammatory conditions, paralysis, diabetes mellitus, neuralgic pain, venomous bites, acidity, amenorrhea, liver problems, earache, skin problems like ringworm, blackheads, pimples, rashes and scars and certain other health conditions.

Disclaimer:

This information is only for the use of education and is not meant to treat or diagnose any health condition or substitute any professional advice or prescribed medications. We are not Doctors or other medical professionals and this article is an outcome of our study on the internet and books. It is shared only to enlighten the glory of the world’s oldest healing system, Ayurveda, also acclaimed as the Mother of all medical sciences on earth.

Never ingest essential oils. Topical application is recommended in a diluted form as direct use on the skin may cause allergic reactions, mainly because of the fact that unadulterated and organic essential oils are highly concentrated liquids. Care should be taken if you are a nursing mother or carrying. Keep out of reach of children.

It is always advisable to seek the guidance of your Ayurvedic physician or healthcare expert before choosing the appropriate essential oils for your unique individual constitution and medical condition.

Thought for the day:

Dreams are the seeds of change. Nothing ever grows without a seed, and nothing ever changes without a dream. – Debby Boone.

Suggested Reading:

  1. Ayurvedic Medicine: The Principles of Traditional Practice by Sebastian Pole
  2. Antioxidant Properties of Spices, Herbs and Other Sources by Denys J. Charles
  3. Healing through Ayurveda Herbs: in your kitchen garden by Dr Sonica Krishan
  4. The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils: The Complete Guide to the Use of Aromatic Oils In Aromatherapy, Herbalism, Health, and Well Being by Julia Lawless
  5. Practice of Ayurveda by Swami Sivananda

Reference Links:

  1. An Overview of Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) Pharmacological effects; Modern and Traditional by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran published in the Journal of Natural Remedies.
  2. Phytochemistry, Pharmacological studies and Traditional benefits of Trachyspermum ammi (Linn.) Sprague by S. N. Dwivedi, R. P. Mishra and Sangeeta Alava, A.P.S University, India, published in the International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences.
  3. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of essential oil from Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) seeds by Sreemoyee Chatterjee, Nandini Goswami, Neha Kothari, Department of Biotechnology, The IIS University, SFS, Gurukul Marg, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, published in the International Journal of Green Pharmacy
  4. Trachyspermum ammi Ranjan Bairwa, R. S. Sodha, and B. S. Rajawat School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, published in PubMed, NCBI.

Mace Oil


‘Amaze’ is the only word that can strike every mind that thinks about Mace and its magical healing values. With its power from being a brain stimulant to its effectiveness in treating depression and rheumatism, Mace fills every heart with total astonishment.

Mace-bannerBotanically called as Myristica fragrans, Mace is the twin sister of Nutmeg and is the golden color aril that covers the hard shelled nutmeg (seed kernel).

Called as Jatiphala or Jatisasyya in Ayurveda, Mace has been prescribed for healing various health conditions like halitosis, insomnia, congestion, rheumatism, colic, indigestion, impotence, erectile dysfunctions, dysmennorhea, asthma, headache, lumbago, jaundice and as an excellent tonic for the brain.

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Historical importance and uses of Mace and its essential oil:

Mace is a native of the tropical rainforests of Indonesia, the Maluku – Banda islands. Jatiphala is an evergreen tree that takes about 20 years to bear fruits that contains the hard-shelled ‘nutmeg’ and its protective layer ‘mace’.

The traditional Arabians used Mace and Nutmeg as effective carminative and aphrodisiac herbs, aiding in the treatment of indigestion, impotence and premature ejaculation. It was initially the Arabians who traded Mace to Venetians from where it slowly spread throughout Europe in the medieval period.

Mace was used as a folklore remedy for rheumatic problems, intermittent fevers, mouth sores, insomnia, flatulence and diarrhea. The book ‘Indian Materia Medica’ by Dr. K.M. Nadkarni denotes that Mace has excellent stimulant and carminative properties, making it a trusted gastric tonic since the medieval period.

TCM or the Traditional Chinese Medicine used Mace for its effectiveness in treating dysmennorhea or painful menstruation, abdominal pain and liver problems. The essential of Mace is extracted from the dried hairy arils and have been used in the pharmaceutical and perfume industries for its ample health benefits.

Even today, many natives of India chew mace or the dried arils after meals for promoting quicker digestion.

People also use whole nutmeg as a candy to stimulate the secretion of digestive enzymes and gastric juices that enhance metabolic functions (Nutmeg is indeed a rock like candy that would never melt or reduce in size but still older people have it in their mouth to stimulate their taste buds and to support digestion).

Applying the herbal cream prepared with Nutmeg and Mace powder was applied directly on blood clots, eczema, ringworm and athlete’s foot. It has been a promising traditional remedy for treating Alzheimer’s disease, lack of concentration and cognitive disorders.

Grandmother’s remedy with Mace includes its use in curing diarrhea, insomnia, nausea, flatulence, headache due to stress and to promote menses in case of blocked or delayed periods.

Nutmeg became an expensive remedial spice for its curative powers in warding off plague during the Elizabethan rule. Mace and nutmegs were used for culinary purposes in various international cuisines including the Japanese, Asian, Indonesian, Dutch, European and Middle Eastern. It is also used in the production of toothpastes, cough syrups, sweets, beverages and baked goods.

Remedial properties, nutrients and chemical constituents of Mace essential oil:

Myristicin, camphene, a-pinene, b-terpineol, b-pinene, camphene, myrcene, myristicol, sabinene, limonene, elemicin, safrole, isoelemicin, dipentene, methoxyeugenol, linalool and safrole along with 2 resorcinols namely malabaricone C and malabaricone B (antimicrobial and antioxidant properties).

Mace essential oil has antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, larvicidal, emmenagogue, aphrodisiac, carminative, expectorant, analgesic, tonic, anti-asthmatic, antimicrobial, stimulant and anti-depressant properties.

Mace is a powerhouse of enormous nutrients including vitamin A, thiamin, vitamin C, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, sodium, iron, potassium, zinc, magnesium, copper, manganese, phosphorus and the list goes on.

Ayurvedic uses of Mace essential oil:

Revolutions happen frequently in today’s digital era. Everything has taken a greater twist and turn. All that was found in nature at ease became a part of Ayurvedic medicine in the ancient period. Along with the depletion of nature, natural remedies like Ayurveda looked as if it has taken a back seat.

This gentle reminder is that the much simpler life that you lead with more of natural things and less of artificial stuffs is indeed an Ayurvedic way of living. You don’t need to be a saint or a disciple of an Ayurvedic Guru for taking up Ayurveda into your routine.

Remember that the deep breath (Pranayama) that you take in the morning to start your day till the use of soothing essential oils in your diffuser (Aromatherapy) before going to bed has Ayurveda.

Ayurveda is the pioneer and the mother of all healing systems on this globe. People across the sphere have given various names for different treatments as per their taste and cultural differences.

For example, Ayurveda prescribes natural medications and aims at the treatment, prevention and longevity through augmenting the life force called as ‘prana’. The same is the ideal behind TCM or the Traditional Chinese Medicine that uses natural medicines for increased life span by stimulating the life force known as ‘Qi’.

Ayurveda is in everything that you use daily and the wisdom lies in the way you use it as the word ‘Ayur+veda’ simply means ‘Life + Knowledge’ i.e., the knowledge of life. It is that knowledge for leading your life in absolute peace and bliss with less or no chaos around.

World started with a single man and a single woman and gradually spread its root everywhere across the globe, known to us today as the human race. End of the day, when we turn back or dive deep into our history, all of us would just have the same ancestors and the same forefathers in some way or the other.

All I wanted to say is just one thing that Ayurveda is the priceless gift of our ancestors and it is the innate souvenir that they left behind in each of us. All we need to do is to rekindle the Ayurvedic thoughts that are deeply vested in our souls to lead a healthy and hearty life.

These kind of deeper thoughts strike our spirits when our mind is in a highly elated and conscious state during meditation, which is why meditation is also a remedial practice in Ayurvedic healing.

I’m not going to write the usual Ayurvedic stuff in this post as well. If you want to know the technical and traditional Ayurvedic terms, then just check our other posts on Ayurvedic oils.

Mace is undoubtedly one among the spectacular herbs whose remedial values become a blessing to all those who use Mace in any form. In an Ayurvedic perspective, Mace and its essential oil possess excellent warming, stimulating and invigorating properties that fuel the mind, body and the spirit.

Ayurveda prescribes unique remedy for every individual as it firmly believes that every person on earth is a unique creation with a distinct Prakriti or individual constitution, which is a combination of the 3 vital energies known as doshas. Every individual has a combination of all the three doshas with a predominance of one dosha, which determines his/her nature, temperament, physique and behavioral patterns.

According to Ayurveda, balance between these doshas as per the law of nature determines health and doshic imbalances due to lifestyle changes, irregular food habits, change in weather conditions, and lack of physical exercises, sedentary lifestyle and few other factors lead to illnesses.

Ayurvedic remedies include herbs, essential oils, yoga, Pranayama or the art of Ayurvedic breathing, Ayurvedic routine, Panchakarma or the detoxification therapy, meditation and prayers as tonics to the soul. These holistic remedies aim at striking perfect balance between the doshas to regain health and prevent it in future.

Mace essential oil has the potent to augment pitta (responsible for metabolism, body temperature, decision-making and leadership traits) energy and pacify kapha (responsible for sustenance, physical set up, love and trust) and vata doshas (responsible for nervous functions, respiratory functions, circulatory functions, creativity and sociability).

Chalo! Let’s walk through the many… many benefits of Mace essential oil…………..

Mace-broucher1. Trusted tonic for the brain:

Brain is often the supreme part of the body, simply questioned for any under-performance or distorted tasks. The intellectual powers, cognitive abilities and brilliance are always associated with the functioning of the brain.

Stress, mental exhaustion, anxiety, fatigue and overindulgence in any chore beyond one’s natural potency deteriorate the normal performance of the human brain. This in turn ends up in loss of memory, depression, lack of concentration, negative feelings, and lack of self-esteem, inferiority complex and even Alzheimer’s disease.

Mace and Nutmeg essential oil has an organic compound called Myristicin (along with elemicin), which has been proved in various research studies as an effective constituent that stimulates enzymes in brain. These enzymes support in enhancing the memory power and helps significantly in the treatment Alzheimer’s disease.

Mace and Nutmeg essential oil has the power to enhance the cerebral functions and awakens your inner consciousness. An extremely enlightening blend of 2 drops of Mace oil, 1 drop of Calamus oil, 1 drop of Brahmi oil along with 1 drop of Rosemary oil in your diffuser or vaporizer, especially during the early hours of the day, when your mind is in deep meditation or during prayers can bring in all the vital energy that your brain requires to bounce back into action.

The remedial properties of these brain herbs pass through your nasal passages and reach the limbic system, the ultimate control center of human brain. Practicing this invigorating ritual every day can assist in improving your concentration power, optimistic thoughts, mental stability, sense of consciousness, memory power, functions of the brain cells and the power to focus without any digression.

Massaging your system with 10 drops of Mace oil, 5 drops of Rosemary oil, 5 drops of Ylang Ylang oil, 5 drops of Clary Sage oil, 5 drops of Petitgrain oil and 4 ounce of Coconut oil can help in pacifying the nerves, alleviating mental exhaustion, fatigue, anxiety, stress, pessimistic thoughts and feelings of loneliness by granting a sense of courage, self-confidence, increased attention, spontaneous thinking and strengthened nervous functions.

2. Mannish problems vanish with Mace:

Mace has a handful of masculine health benefits. With its tonic, stimulating and aphrodisiac properties, this revitalizing oil has been prescribed for treating impotence, premature ejaculation, loss of libido and lack of sexual interest.

Adding 5 drops of Mace oil, 2 drops of Ashwagandha oil along with 2 drops of Ylang Ylang oil in your bathing tub, especially before your bedtime, preferably with your partner can help in boosting the functions of your reproductive system by strengthening the pelvic muscles, increasing your sperm count, relaxing your system, granting a sense of secured feeling with your partner and augments your sexual drive.

You can also add 2 drops of Mace and 2 drops of Patchouli oil in your diffuser during the bedtime for influencing positive feelings and sense of absolute comfort during your special moments together.

3. Mace for menstrual mayhems:

The essential oil of Mace has emmenagogue properties that help in supporting the uterine functions and hormonal imbalances in women. Gently massaging your lower abdomen, thighs and lower back with 3 drops of Mace oil, 2 drops of Wormwood oil along with 10 ml of sesame oil can aid in fostering blocked or delayed menstruation, soothe painful periods or dysmennorhea, control nausea, mood fluctuations, headache and certain other symptoms associated with menstruation.

4. Rheumatism….? Relax with Mace oil now:

According to Ayurveda, ama or toxic remains due to improper digestion is the root cause of water retention diseases (kapha vitiation) like rheumatism, obesity, edema and respiratory infections.

Excess of water deposits along with toxic substances, salt, uric acid and harmful fat deposits lead to chronic pain, inflammation, soreness, redness, improper blood circulation and muscular stiffness associated with rheumatism, arthritis and edema.

With its power to pacify kapha energy along with its anti-inflammatory, diuretic, analgesic, anti-rheumatic and circulatory properties, a gentle massage on the affected parts with 3 drops of Mace oil along with 1 drop of Chironji oil and 2 drops of Ginger oil with 5 ml of coconut oil can help in relieving pain, promoting blood circulation, reducing swelling and inflammation by discarding excess fluid and toxic remains through urine.

It increases the quantity and frequency of urination. A warm compress followed by this massage can support in quicker relief as it helps in passing the therapeutic components to the bloodstream quickly.

5. Digestive discomforts die out just like that:

Mace and its essential oil have pitta or digestive fire enhancing quality that contribute to its excellent carminative, stimulant, antispasmodic and laxative properties that help in treating indigestion, gall stones, sluggish digestion, gastritis, vomiting, flatulence, diarrhea, intestinal spasms and bad breath.

Inhaling the soothing aroma of Mace oil by adding 1 drop of it in a tissue or a hankie, especially before your mealtime and massaging your tummy with 2 drops of Mace oil, 1 drop of Grapefruit oil, 1 drop of Orange oil and 5 ml of sesame oil can enhance the secretion of hydrochloric acid, digestive enzymes and gastric juices responsible for trouble-free digestion.

6. Cold or fever? Mace to your rescue:

Common cold, congestion, whooping cough, throat infection, headache, blocked nasal passages, fever and certain other respiratory problems are the effects of kapha imbalances allowing the fluid retention to build up as mucous and phlegm deposits in the bronchial, respiratory and nasal passages.

The essential oil of Mace has gentle warming and expectorant properties with its power to lessen the increased kapha energy. 2 drops of Mace oil with 1 drop of Peppermint oil and 1 drop of Eucalyptus oil added to steam inhalation and as a gentle massage of your throat, chest and back with the same blend in your vaporizing ointment can facilitate in loosening the dangerous phlegm and mucous thus alleviating nasal congestion, sore throat, runny nose, itchy eyes, fever, cough, headache, asthma and congestion in the bronchial passages.

Other health benefits:

Mace oil is also used in the treatment of kidney infections and renal calculi. It is also an excellent sedative that promotes uninterrupted sleep at night. With the presence of eugenol, Mace is also a proven remedy for treating toothache and halitosis. Mace oil is also effective in relieving backache, bruises, pain in the joints and migraine headache. It is also used as a flavoring ingredient in the production of tobacco, shaving creams, soaps and air fresheners.

Various research reports have proved that essential oil of Mace and Nutmeg has the power to prevent and fight against cancer by restraining the growth of blood vessels that support cancerous tumors.

Disclaimer:

This original piece of information is meant only for the purpose of education and is not recommended to diagnose, prevent or to treat any kind of ailments. It is neither meant to replace any prescribed medicines or the advice of a healthcare professional. We, the team of Essential Depot are not experts in Traditional medicine and these facts are shared only for unveiling the myths of Ayurveda and for spreading its glory in healing humanity across the globe.

Essential oils are not recommended for internal use and remember to dilute essential oils in suitable carrier oils before using it for topical applications. This is because absolutely pure and organic essential oils are highly concentrated liquids and may cause allergic reactions, when used on the skin without dilution.

Pregnant and nursing women, please excuse as Mace oil has potent to cause uterine contractions and may end up in miscarriage. Speak with your Ayurvedic expert or medical professional before choosing the suitable essential oils as per your state of health and unique individual constitution. And the final friendly advice is to do a patch test on your skin before enjoying its complete benefits.

Thought for the day:

Natural forces within us are the true healers of disease.– By Hippocrates

Suggested Reading:

  1. Mindfulness and Mental Health: Therapy, Theory and Science by Chris Mace
  2. Evidence-based Essential Oil Therapy: The Ultimate Guide to the Therapeutic and Clinical Application of Essential Oils by Dr. Scott A Johnson
  3. Nutmeg and Mace by Marian Kim
  4. The Encyclopedia of Aphrodisiacs: Psychoactive Substances for Use in Sexual Practices by Christian Rätsch, Claudia Müller-Ebeling
  5. Listening to Scent: An Olfactory Journey with Aromatic Plants and Their Extracts by Jennifer Peace Rhind

Reference Links:

  1. Nutmeg by Wikipedia
  2. Nutmeg and Mace by WebMD
  3. Cytotoxic and anti-tumor activities of lignans from the seeds of Vietnamese nutmeg Myristica fragrans by Thuong PT, Hung TM, Khoi NM, Nhung HT, Chinh NT, Quy NT, Jang TS, Na M, Vietnam National Institute of Medicinal Materials published in PubMed
  4. 10 reasons you need Mace in your life – Health benefits and nutritional facts
  5. Myristica Fragrans in the Handbook of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants: Herbal Reference Library by L. D. Kapoor